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2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标I卷(详解2)  

2016-10-19 10:30:50|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Secret codes (密码)keep messages private. Banks, companies, and government agencies use secret codes in doing business, especially when information is sent by computer.

   People have used secret codes for thousands of years. 36D Code breaking never lags(落后) far behind code making. The science of creating and reading coded messages is called cryptography(密码学).

   There are three main types of cryptography. 37E For example, the first letters of “My elephant eats too many eels(鳗鱼、黄鳝)” Spell out the hidden message “Meet me.”

38 G You might represent each letter with a number, for example. Let’s number the letters of the alphabet, in order, from 1 to 26. If we substitute a number for each letter, the message “Meet me” would read “13 5 20 13 5.”

   A code uses symbols to replace words, phrases, or sentences. To read the message of a real code, you must have a code book. 39 F For example, “bridge” might stand for “meet” and “out” might stand for “me.” The message “bridge out” would actually mean “Meet me.” 40 A However, it is also hard to keep a code book secret for long. So codes must be changed frequently.

A. It is very hard to break a code without the code book.
B. In any language, some letters are used more than others.
C. Only people who know the keyword can read the message.
D. As long as there have been codes, people have tried to break them.
E. You can hide a message by having the first letters of each word spell it out.
F. With a code book, you might write down words that would stand for other words.
G. Another way to hide a message is to use symbols to stand for specific
(具体的、特定的、明确的) letters of the alphabet.

第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(ABC D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

                                    A Heroic Driver

  Larry works with Transport DriversInc.  One morning in 2009 Larry was __41__along I65 north after delivering to one of his    42   . Suddenly, he saw a car with its bright lights on.    43    he got closer, he found  44    vehicle upside down on the road. One more look and he noticed    45    shooting out from under the    46    vehicle. Larry pulled over, set the brake and    47   the fire extinguisher (灭火器). Two good bursts from the extinguisher and the fire was put out.

The man who had his bright lights on    48    and told Larry he had    49    an emergency call. They    50    heard a woman’s voice coming from the wrecked (毁坏的) vehicle.    51   the vehicle, they saw that a woman was trying to get out of the broken window. They told her to stay    52    until the emergency personnel arrived,    53    she thought the car was going to    54   . Larry told her that he had already put out the fire and she should not move    55    she injured her neck.

Once fire and emergency people arrive, Larry and the other man    56    and let them go to work. Then, Larry asked the    57    if he was needed or    58    to go. They let him and the other man go.

One thing is    59   —Larry went above and beyond the call of duty by getting so close to the burning vehicle! His    60    most likely saved the woman’s life.

41.  A. walking   B. touring Ctraveling   Drushing

42.  A. passengers   B. colleagues    C. employers   D. customers

43.  A. Since   B. Although    C. As     D. If

44. A. each    B. another   C. that      D. his

45. A. flames    B. smoke   C. water   D. steam

46. A. used   B. disabled   C. removed   D. abandoned

47. A. got hold of   B. prepared   C. took charge of   D. controlled

48. A. came down    B. came through   C. came in   D. came over

49.  A. returned   B. received   C. made   D. confirmed

50. A. then       B. again    C. finally    D. even

51.  A. Starting   B. Parking   C. Passing   D. Approaching

52.  A. quiet   B. still  C. away  D. calm

53.  A. for   B. so   C. and   D. but

54.  A. explode   B. slip away   C. fall apart   D. crash

55.  A. as if   B. unless   C. in case   D. after

56.  A. stepped forward   B. backed off   C. moved on   D. set out

57.  A. woman   B. police   C. man   D. driver

58.  A. forbidden   B. ready   C. asked   D. free

59.  A. for certain   B. for consideration   C. reported    D. checked

60.  A. patience   B. skills   C. efforts   D. promise

II

第三部分 英语知识运用

第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

Chengdu has dozens of new millionaires, Asia’s biggest building, and fancy new hotels. But for tourists like me, pandas are its top__61_(attract).

     So it was a great honour to be invited backstage at the not-for-profit Panda Base, where ticket money helps pay for research, I__62_allowto get up close to these cute animals at the 600-acre centre. From tomorrow, I will be their UK ambassador. The title will be __63__(official) given to me at a ceremony in London. But my connection with pandas goes back __64__ my days on a TV show in the mid-1980s, __65_ I was the first Western TV reporter__66__ (permit) to film a special unit caring for pandas rescued from starvation in the wild. My ambassadorial duties will include __67_(introduce) British visitors to the 120-plus pandas at Chengdu and others at a research in the misty mountains of Bifengxia.

     On my recent visit, I helped a lively three-month-old twin that had been rejected by __68_ (it) mother. The nursery team switches him every few __69__( day) with his sister so that while one is being bottle-fed, __70__other is with mum---she never suspects.

第四部分 写作 (共两节 满分 35

第一节    短文改错(10 分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

     增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(),并在其下面写出该加的词。

     删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多着(从第11处起)不计分。

My uncle is the owner of a restaurant close to that I live .Though not very big, but the restaurant is popular in our area .It is always crowded with customers at meal times. Some people even had to wait outside. My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest. Every day he makes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are using for cooking. My uncle says that he never dreams becoming rich in the short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steady.

第二节  书面表达(满分25分)

   假定你是李华,暑假想去一家外贸公司兼职,已写好申请书和个人简历(resume)。给外教Mr Jenkins 写信,请她帮你修改所附材料的文字和格式(format

注意:

     1. 词数100左右;

     2. 可以适当增加细节,已使行文连贯

2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标I

参考答案

试卷总评:2016年高考英语新课标I卷试题整体难度与往年大体相同,题型没有重大变化。

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

A 篇阅读 21 -23ACDC

B 篇阅读 25-28 ADCA

C篇阅读 29-31 BDB

D 篇阅读 32-35  CADB  

第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)  

36 –40 DEGFA

第三部分  英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)

第一节   完形填空(共20 小题:每小题1.5分,满分30分)

41- 45 CCCBA      46-50 DADCA      51-55 DB DA C   56-60 BBCAC

第二节 英语知识运用(共10小题:每小题1.5分,满分15分)

61. attraction    62. was allowed   63. officially    64. to     65. when

66. permitted   67. introducing     68.  its   69. days    70. the

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

第一节   短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)

71. that where      72.  but去掉      73. timestime  74. had have      75. honest honesty 

76. or and     77. using used       78. becoming前加of    79. the a  80. our his

第二节 书面表达 (满25分)略

 

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