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2016年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标I卷(详解1)  

2016-10-19 10:28:02|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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绝密★启封前

2016普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(新课标I

                                   试卷类型A

 

注意事项

  1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。用2B铅笔将答题卡上试卷类型A后的方框涂黑。

  2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

 做题时,现将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例: How much is the shirt?

A.? 19.15 B.? 9.18 C.? 9.15

答案是 C

1.What are the speakers talking about?

A. Having a birthday party.

B. Doing some exercise.

C. Getting Lydia a gift 

2.What is the woman going to do?

A. Help the man.

B. Take a bus.

C. Get a camera 

3.What does the woman suggest the man do?

A. Tell Kate to stop.

B. Call Kate, s friends.

C. Stay away from Kate. 

4.Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a wine shop.

B. In a supermarket.

C. In a restaurant. 

5.What does the woman mean?

A. Keep the window closed.

B. Go out for fresh air.

C. Turn on the fan. 

听第6段材料,回答第67题。

6.What is the man going to do this summer?

A. Teach a course.

B. Repair his house.

C. Work at a hotel. 

7.How will the man use the money?

A. To hire a gardener.

B. To buy books.

C. To pay for a boat trip.

 

听第7段材料,回答第89题。

8.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Schoolmates.

B. Colleagues.

C. Roommates. 

9.What does Frank plan to do right after graduation?

A. Work as a programmer.

B. Travel around the world.

C. Start his own business. 

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

       听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的ABC三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第8段材料,回答第1012

10.Why does the woman make the call?

A. To book a hotel room.

B.To ask about the room service

C.To make changes ti a reservation

11.When will the women arrive at the hotel?

A.On September 15

B. On September 16

C. On September 23

12.How much will the woman pay her room per night?

A. $179     B.$199    C. $219

听第9段材料,回答第1316题。

13.What is the woman’s plan for Saturday?

A.Going shopping    B.Going camping   C.Going boating

14.Where will tne woman stay in Keswick?

A.In a country inn   B. In a five-star hotel  C. In her aunt’s home

15.What will Gordon do over the weekend?

A.Visit his friends   B.Watch DVDs  C.Join the woman

16.What does the woman think of Gordon’s coming weekend?

A.Relaxed    B.Boring   C.Busy.

听第10段材料,回答第1720

17.Who  is Wang Ming?

A.A student     B. An employer  C .An engineer

18.What does the speaker say about the college job market this year?

A.It’s unpredictable  B. It’s quite stable C.It’s not optimistic

19.Whar percentage of student job seekers have found a job by now?

A20    B. 22    C. 50

20.Why are engineering graduates more likely to accept a job?

A.They need more work experience

B.The salary is usually good

C.Their choice is limited.

 

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(ABCD)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

                              A

You probably know who Marie Curie was, but you may not have heard of Rachel Carson. Of the outstanding ladies listed below, who do you think was the most important woman of the past 100 years?

Jane Addams(1860-1935)

Anyone who has ever been helped by a social worker has Jane Addams to thank. Addams helped the poor and worked for peace. She encouraged a sense of community(社区)by creating shelters and promoting education and services for people in need. In 1931, Addams became the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Rachel Carson(1907-1964)

If it weren’t for Rachel Carson, the environmental movement might not exist today. Her popular 1962 book Silent Spring raised awareness of the dangers of pollution and the harmful effects of chemicals on humans and on the world’s lakes and oceans.

Sandra Day O’Connor(1930-present)

When Sandra Day O’Connor finished third in her class at Stanford Law School, in 1952, she could not find work at a law firm because she was a woman. She became an Arizona state senator(参议员) and, in 1981, the first woman to join the  U.S. Supreme Court. O’Connor gave the deciding vote in many important cases during her 24 years on the top court.

Rosa Parks(1913-2005)

On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Rosa Parks would not give up her seat on a bus to a passenger. Her simple act landed Parks in prison. But it also set off the Montgomery bus boycott. It lasted for more than a year, and kicked off the civil-rights movement. “The only tired I was, was tired of giving in,” said Parks.

21. What is Jane Addams noted for in history?(特别提到)

A. Her social work.(文章第一句是主题句,是总说,接下来是分说、细说)

B. Her teaching skills.

C. Her efforts to win a prize.

D. Her community background.

22. What is the reason for O’Connor’s being rejected by the law firm?

A. Her lack of proper training in law.

B. Her little work experience in court.

C. The discrimination against women.

D. The poor financial conditions.

23. Who made a great contribution to the civil-rights movement in the US?

A. Jane Addams.   B. Rachel Carson.     C. Sandra Day O’Connor.   D. Rosa Parks

24. What can we infer about the women mentioned in the text?

A. They are highly educated.     B. They are truly creative.

C. They are pioneers.           D. They are peace-lovers.

B

Grandparents Answer a Call

As a third-generation native of Brownsville, Texas, Mildred Garza never planed to move away. Even when her daughter and son asked her to move to San Antonio to help with their children, she politely refused. Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms. Garza finally say yes. That was four years ago. Today all three generations regard the move as a success, giving them a closer relationship than they would have had in separate cities.

 No statistics show the number of grandparents like Garza who are moving closer to the children and grandchildren. Yet there is evidence suggesting that the trend is growing. Even President Obama’s mother-in-law, Marian Robinson, has agreed to leave Chicago and move into the White House to help care for her granddaughters. According to a study by grandparents com, 83 percent of the people said Mrs. Robinson’s decision will influence the grandparents in the American family. Two-thirds believe more families will follow the example of Obama’s family.

“In the 1960s we were all a little wild and couldn’t get away from home far enough or fast enough to prove we could do it on our own.” says Christine Crosby, publisher of Grand, a magazine for grandparents .We now realize how important family is and how important it is to be near them, especially when you’re raising children.”

       Moving is not for everyone. Almost every grandparent wants to be with his or her grandchildren and is willing to make sacrifices, but sometimes it is wiser to say no and visit frequently instead. Having your grandchildren far away is hard, especially knowing your adult child is struggling, but giving up the life you know may be harder.

25. Why was Garza’s move a success?

AIt strengthened her family ties.

BIt improved her living conditions.

CIt enabled her to make more friends.

DIt helped her know more new places.

26. What was the reaction of the public to Mrs. Robinson’s decision?

A17% expressed their support for it.

BFew people responded sympathetically.

C83% believed it had a bad influence.

DThe majority thought it was a trend.

27. What did Crosby say about people in the 1960s?

AThey were unsure of themselves.

BThey were eager to raise more children.

CThey wanted to live away from their parents.

DThey had little respect for their grandparent.

28. What does the author suggest the grandparents do in the last paragraph?

   A. Make decisions in the best interests of their own.

   B. Ask their children to pay more visits to them

   C. Sacrifice for their struggling children

   D. Get to know themselves better.

C

   I am Peter Hodes, a volunteer stem courier. Since March 2012, I've done 89 trips ---of those, 51 have been abroad, I have 42 hours to carry stem cells(干细胞)in my little box because I've got two ice packs and that's how long they last. In all, from the time the stem cells are harvested from a donor(捐献者) to the time they can be implanted in the patient, we’ve got 72 hours at most, So I am always conscious of time.

I had one trip last year where I was caught by a hurricane in America. I picked up the stem cells in Providence, Rhode Island, and was meant to fly to Washington then back to London. But when I arrived at the check-in desk at Providence, the lady on the desk said: “Well, I’m really sorry, I’ve got some bad news for you---there are no fights from Washington.” So I took my box and put it on the desk and I said: “In this box are some stem cells that are urgently needed for a patient---please, please, you’ve got to get me back to the United Kingdom.” She just dropped everything. She arranged for a flight on a small plane to be held for me,  re-routed(改道)me through Newark and got me back to the UK even earlier than originally scheduled.

For this courier job, you’re consciously aware that in that box you’re got something that is potentially going to save somebody’s life.

29. Which of the following can replace the underlined word “courier” in Paragraph1?

A provider                        B delivery man

C collector                       D medical doctor

30. Why does Peter have to complete his trip within 42 hours?
A. He cannot stay away from his job too long.
B. The donor can only wait for that long.
C. The operation needs that very much ?.
D. The ice won't last any longer.
31. Which flight did the woman put Peter on first?
A. To London            B. To Newark
C. To Providence       D. To Washington
                                              D
The meaning of silence varies among cultural groups. Silences may be thoughtful, or they may be empty when a person has nothing to say. A silence in a conversation may also show stubbornness, uneasiness, or worry. Silence may be viewed by some cultural groups as extremely uncomfortable; therefore attempts may be made to fill every gap(
间隙)with conversation. Persons in other cultural groups value silence and view it as necessary for understanding a person's needs.
Many Native Americans value silence and feel it is a basic part of communicating among people, just as some traditional Chinese and Thai persons do. Therefore, when a person from one of these cultures is speaking and suddenly stops, what maybe implied(
暗示) is that the person wants the listener to consider what has been said before continuing. In these cultures, silence is a call for reflection.

Other cultures may use silence in other ways, particularly when dealing with conflicts among people or in relationships of people with different amounts of power. For example, Russian, French, and Spanish persons may use silence to show agreement between parties about the topic under discussion. However, Mexicans may use silence when instructions are given by a person in authority rather than be rude to that person by arguing with him or her. In still another use, persons in Asian cultures may view silence as a sign of respect, particularly to an elder or a person in authority.

Nurses and other care-givers need to be aware of the possible meanings of silence when they come across the personal anxiety their patients may be experiencing. Nurses should recognize their own personal and cultural construction of silence so that a patient’s silence is not interrupted too early or allowed to go on unnecessarily. A nurse who understands the healing(治愈) value of silence can use this understanding to assist in the care of patients from their own and from other cultures.

32. What does the author say about silence in conversations?

A. It implies anger.

B. It promotes friendship.

C. It is culture-specific.(文化特异性)

D. It is content-based.(基于内容的)

33. Which of the following people might regard silence as a call for careful thought?

A. The Chinese.

B. The French.

C. The Mexicans.

D. The Russians.

34. What does the author advise nurses to do about silence?

A. Let it continue as the patient pleases.

B. Break it while treating patients.

C. Evaluate its harm to patients.

D. Make use of its healing effects.

35. What may be the best title for the text?

A. Sound and Silence

B. What It Means to Be Silent

C. Silence to Native Americans

D. Speech Is Silver; Silence Is Gold






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