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桃李不言,下自成蹊……

 
 
 

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2012年安徽高考英语考纲词汇大全  

2012-02-05 15:56:21|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
 

根据安徽省普通高等学校招生全国统一考试安徽卷《考试说明》词汇表,本人利用教学之余,根据《新英汉词典》、《当代高级英语词典》、《牛津现代高级英汉双解词典》等,历时三年编写完此《举例》,希望能给高考考生带来方便,考出优秀的成绩。

 

A

 

a, an art. 1.一(个,件,…) 2.任何…都3.每(一) 4.某,某一个:I have got a ticket. 我有一张票。/ an awful noise 一种可怕的噪音 / A bird can fly. 鸟会飞。/ We often go to school two times a day. 我们常常一天两次去学校。/ A Mr. Brown wishes to see you. 一位叫布朗的先生想见你。

【注意】1.单数可数名词若泛指,其前需加 a / an,不要从汉语习惯出发,漏掉此不定冠词(高考中常考查此知识点,许多同学在做书面表达时也常犯此错),如不能说Mr. Smith is interesting man.(需在 is后 加 an) 2.在序数词之前使用a(an),可以表示数量或序数的增加:Do you want to read it a third time? 你还想看第三次吗?

abandon v. 抛弃;离弃;放弃:The game had to be abandoned due to bad weather.由于天气不好,比赛不得不中止。

ability n. 能力;技能;本领:Our ability to think and speak seperates us from other animals.思维和说话的能力使我们有别于其他哺乳动物。

able adj.能…的,有才能的,能干的,能够的:She’s as clever and able as her sister. 她像她姐姐一样聪明能干。

【句型】be able to do sth 能做某事

【说明】比较级和最高级可以是 abler 和 ablest 或 more able, better able 和 most able,但不如前者常见。

【辨析】be able to 与 can的区别,见 can。

aboard prep.上(船,飞机,火车);在(船,飞机,火车)上:They finally went aboard the plane.他们终于登上了飞机。

abolish v. 废除;取消:Slavery was abolished in America in the 19th century.美国于19世纪废除了奴隶制。

about prep.在附近,关于,在…周围,忙于 adv.附近,大约,转向,左右,周围:She sat up and looked about her. 她坐了起来,环顾四周。/ I had no money about me. 我身边没有带钱。/ She likes to walk about. 她喜爱四处走走。/ There were few people about. 附近几乎无人。

【句型】1. be about to do 即将,就要(不能与 tomorrow 等具体时间状语连用) 2. How [What] about…(你认为)…怎么样?

【辨析】about与on:前者指泛泛地或非正式地谈论某事,后者指比较系统、深入地论述某事:It is a book on birds. 那是一本论及鸟类的书。(可能是一本学术著作) / It is a book about birds. 那是一本关于鸟的书。(可能是一本供小孩看的关于鸟类的故事书)

above prep.在…上方,过于,超出 adv. 在上面 adj. 上面的,上述的,上文的:We were flying above the clouds. 我们在云层上面飞行。/ Health is above wealth. 健康胜过财富。/ He is above doing such things. 他不至于做出这样的事来。

【辨析】above与over:over 表示垂直在上的正上方,above 则不一定表示正上方(即表示正上方时两者均可用,不表示正上方时要用 above)。

abroad adv. 到(在)国外:He has gone abroad. 他出国了。/ He has just returned from abroad. 他刚从国外归来。

【用法】1.是副词,不是形容词,不置于名词前作定语,但可置于名词后作定语:one’s recent tour abroad 某人最近的国外之行。2.是副词,不是名词,所以不说 go to abroad之类的。

abrupt adj.突然的;鲁莽的:Sorry, I didn’t mean to be so abrupt.对不起,我不是故意这样无理的。

absence n.不在,缺席:Mr.Smith will be in charge during my absence.我不在时,由史密斯先生负责。

absent adj.不在的;缺席的:students who are regularly absent from school.经常缺课的学生。

absorb v.吸收(液体);理解;使专心:John lay on the sofa, absorbed in his book.约翰躺在沙发上,专心致志地看书。

abstract adj.n/.v.纯理论上的;理论上;做摘要:abstract thought抽象思维/Talking about bringing up children in the abstract just isn’t enough.从理论上谈论培养孩子是不够的。

abundant a.丰富的,充裕的:abundant supplies充足的供应。

abuse v.滥用(职权);虐待;辱骂:He abused his position to give jobs to his friends.他滥用自己的权力,任用了不少朋友。

academic ad./n.学术的;大学教师:She loved the city, with its academic atmosphere.他喜欢这座城市,喜欢其学术氛围。

accelerate v.加速;加快:measures to accelerate the rate of economic growth.加快经济增长速度的措施。

accent n.口音:He spoke English with Chinese accent.他说英语带有中国口音。

accept vt. 接受,承认:Much to my regret, I’m unable to accept your kind invitation. 我不能接受你盛情的邀请, 非常遗憾。

【辨析】accept 与receive:前者指主观上接受,后者指客观上收到:He received the gift, but he did not accept it. 他收到这件礼物,但没有接受。

access n./v.入口;进入;获取(尤指电脑数据):Access is by means of a small door on her right.可通过右边的小门进入。/Access to the restrooms is through the foyer.去洗手间要穿过门厅。

accident n.[C]事故:She was injured badly in an accident during the work. 她在一次工伤事故中受了重伤。

【短语】by accident偶然,无意中

accomplish v.完成(任务);取得(成功):We have accomplished all we set out to do.所有计划要做的事情,我们都已完成。

according to prep.按照,根据:from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs 各尽所能,按需分配 / According to my watch it is 10 o’clock. 按我的表是10点钟。

【注意】1.不能用于第一人称,即不能说according to me (us)。2.其后不能接view, opinion等表示观点或看法的词,要表示类似意思可改用in one’s opinion等。

account n.描述;帐户:There are several different accounts of the story in the newspapers.报纸上对此事有几种不同的说法。/My salary is paid directly into my bank account.我的工资直接存入我的银行帐户。on account of因为;由于:He can’t run very fast on a account of his injured leg.由于受伤的腿,他不能跑得很快。

accumulate v.积累;集聚:He accumulated a fortune through property speculation.他通过房产投机买卖积累了财富。

accurate adj.(信息,报道,描述等)准确的;精确的:She was able to give the police an accurate description of her attacker.她能把袭击者的情况向警方作出准确的描述。

accuse v.指责;控告:Are you accusing me of lying?你是在指责我说谎吗?/He’s accused of murder.他被指控犯谋杀罪。

accustomed adj.习惯于(做)某事:He was accustomed to a life of luxury.他习惯了奢华的生活。/I’m not accustomed to getting up so early.我不习惯这么早起床。

ache n. [C]疼痛 vi. 痛;渴望:Her head ached all night. 她的头整夜都疼。/ I am aching to join in the game. 我渴望参加比赛。

achieve v. 1.达到,取得 2.完成,实现:He hopes to achieve all his aims soon. 他希望尽快达到所有目标。

achievement n.成绩;成就;完成;实现:Winning three gold medals is a remarkable achievement.赢得三枚金牌是个了不起的成绩。

acid a.酸(味)的:The wine had a very acid taste.这种葡萄酒味道很酸。

acknowledge v.承认:By November 1914 the government was forced to acknowledge that its policy had failed.1914年11月,政府才被迫承认自己的政策失败了。

acquire v.得到(尤指昂贵的或难以得到的东西);掌握,获得(知识、技能);赢得(名声):I look on it as an opportunity to acquire fresh skills.我把这当作是一次学习新技能的机会。

acre n. 英亩:They own 200 acres of farmland.他们拥有200英亩农田。

across prep.& adv. 穿过,在另一边,在对面:We swam across the river. 我们游到河对岸。/ Across the street from the school is the library. 从学校穿过大街就是图书馆。

【辨析】across与cross:前者为介词或副词,后者为动词。

act n.[C]动作;举动;节目;(戏剧的)幕;法案,法令 vi.行动;产生…的效果;表演;表现;见效 vt.扮演(角色):People praised his brave act. 人们赞扬他的勇敢行为。/ Think before you act! 三思而后行!/ Does the drug take long to act? 这药要很久才能起作用吗?

【短语】act as 充当 / act for 代理,代表

action n.行动;活动;动作;行为:We need more action, and less talk!我们需要更多的行动,少一点空谈。/The child could not be held responsible for his actions.不能要求这个小孩对自己的行为负责。

active a.积极的,活泼的,活跃的:She is very active. 她非常活跃。/ He is an active member of the club. 他是俱乐部的积极分子。

activity n.活跃;热闹;活动:I missed the noise and activity of the city.我怀念城市的喧闹和忙碌。/There’ll be plenty of activities laid on for the kids.将为孩子们安排许多活动。

actor n.[C](男)演员:professional actor 专业演员

actress n.[C]女演员:an experienced actress有经验的女演员

actual adj. 实际的,真实的,现实的,目前的:I can not give the actual figures. 我不能举出实际数字。/ What’s the actual price? 实价多少?

acute a. 严重的;敏锐的;机敏的:acute embarrasment极其尴尬/His book is an acute analysis of Middle Eastern history.他的书敏锐地分析了中东历史。

AD n.公元:What will world population be by 2020 AD?到公元2020年,世界人口将达到多少?

ad=advertisement n.(非正式)广告。

adapt v. (使)适应;(使)适合(-to)The children are finding it hard to adapt to their new school.孩子们发觉很难适应新学校。/改造;改装:(+for)The materials can be adapted for use with older children.这些材料改一下可以给大一点的孩子用。

add vi.&vt. 加,增加,增进,补充说:“I felt sorry for her,” Bob added. “我为她感到惋惜,”鲍勃又说道。

【短语】add in 包括 / add to 增加 / add up 加起来 / add up to 加起来等于,总之就是…

addition n.除此之外;另外;增加:The hotel itself can accommodate 80 guests and, in addition, there are several self-catering apartments.旅馆本身能容纳80位客人,除此之外,还有几个可供做饭的套房。/He ‘s now running his own research company—that’s in addition to his job at the university.除了他在大学的工作以外,他现在还经营自己的研究公司。

address n. [C]住址,通迅处 vt.向…致辞,演说,写姓名地址:What’s your home address? 你的家庭住址呢? / Write the address clearly. 地址请写清楚。

adequate a.适当的;足够的;充分的:His explanation didn’t seem adequate to account for what had happened.他的解释似乎不足以说明事情发生的缘由。

adjust v.调整;调节;使适合:They will soon settle in--kids are very good at adjusting.他们很快就会安顿下来,孩子们很会适应环境。

administration n. 管理;经营;管理者;经营部门:We are looking for someone with experience in administration.我们正在寻求一个有管理经验的人。/the college administration.学院行政部门。

admire vt. 钦佩,赞美,羡慕:I admire her for her bravery. 我钦佩她的勇气。

【注意】其后不能接双宾语,也不接that 引导的宾语从句。

admission n.承认;供认:The court may interpreter your silence as an admission of guilt.法庭也许会讲你的缄默作为认罪的表示。/seeking admission to a prestigious university.设法进入有名望的大学。

admit vt. 接纳,让…进入,承认:He admitted that it was really his fault. 他承认这确实得怪他。

【用法】后接动词要用动名词,不用不定式:She admitted having read the letter. 她承认看过这封信。

adolescence n.青春期。

adolescent n.青少年;青春期的少男少女。

adopt v.收养,领养;采用:My mother was adopted when she was four.我母亲四岁时被人领养。/Papers like this tend to adopt a very simple writing style.这样的论文往往采用十分朴实的写作风格。

adult n.发育成熟的人(或动物);成年人:Some children find it difficult to talk to adults.一些孩子发觉与成年人很难谈得来。

advance vi.前进,进展 vt. 推进,促进,提升,提前,预付 n.[C,U]前进,进展,进步,提升,预付款:The general commanded his men to advance. 将军命令他的士兵向前挺进。

【短语】in advance 在前头,事先,提前 / in advance of 在…前面,比…进步,超过 / on the advance (物价)在上涨 / advance on 朝…前进

advantage n.[C,U]优势,长处,有利条件,利益:A better education gave us the advantage. 良好的教育使我们处于有利地位。/ The advantage of the idea was its simplicity. 这个主意的优点就在于它简单明了。

【短语】have [gain, get] the [an] advantage over [of] 胜过,优于 / take advantage of 乘机利用,利用别人的弱点,占便宜

adventure n.[C,U]冒险,冒险活动,奇遇 v. 冒险,胆敢:He lived for adventure. 他平生喜欢冒险。/ No man would adventure it. 没有人敢冒险做这种事。

【用法】表示抽象意义的“冒险”,不可数;表示具体意义的“冒险的经历或事件”,则可数。

advertise v.(为…)做广告,宣传:Have you tried that new shampoo they’ve been advertising on TV?你试过他们一直在电视上做广告的那种新洗发液吗?

advertisement n.(宣传产品或服务的)广告。an advertisement for an English teacher.寻求一位英语老师的广告。

advice n.[U]忠告,建议:Your advice was a great help to me. 你的建议对我有很大的帮助。 / I don’t know who I will ask advice from. 我不知道该向谁讨教。

【用法】1.不可数,不与不定冠词或数词连用,也不用复数形式,如说a piece of advice, some advice,但不说an advice, some advices。2.表示征求意见,通常用ask (for) advice;表示听从或接受某人的意见,通常用follow [take] one’s advice。

advise vt.劝告,建议:Be advised! 接受意见吧! / They will advise you what to do. 他们将给你出主意怎么办。

【用法】1.其后接动词作宾语,要用动名词,不能用不定式,即说advise doing sth,不说 advise to do sth。2.表示建议某人做某事,要用 advise sb to do sth(此时的不定式作宾语补足语);若表示建议某人不要做某事,则用advise sb not to do sth 或 advise sb against doing sth。3.后接 that 引导的宾语从句时,从句谓语要用“should+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气:We advised her that she (should) wait. 我们劝她等。

advocate v.主张;拥护;鼓吹:Extremists were openly advocating violence.极端主义者公开鼓吹使用暴力。

affair n.[C]事件,事情,事务,私事,恋爱事件:foreign affairs 外交事务 / school affairs 校务 / How are your affairs going? 你的情况怎么样?

affect v.影响;使感动:How will the tax affect people on low incomes?这项税收会如何影响低收入人事?/We were all deeply affected by the news of her death?她去世的消息使我们都深感悲痛。

afford vt. 买得起,经受得住,承担得起:I can’t afford to buy a car. 我买不起汽车。/ We can’t afford to pay such a price. 我们付不起这个价钱。

【用法】1.常与can, could, be able to 连用。2.其后可接名词、代词或不定式作宾语,若意思明确,可省略有关成分:afford to buy a car =afford a car 买得起小车 / afford the time for a holiday=afford a holiday 抽得出时间去度假

afraid adj.(用作表语)害怕的,担心的;恐怕:Don’t be afraid. 不用怕。/ He is afraid to say that. 他不敢说那事。/ I was afraid of waking him. 我担心会把他吵醒。/ I’m afraid you’re wrong. 恐怕是你错了。

【比较】1. be afraid to do sth与be afraid of doing sth:前者指害怕(不敢)做某事,而后者有两个意思,一是表示害怕做某事(此时可be afraid to do sth 互换),二是表示担心会发生某情况(所担心的情况不一定会发生,此时不能与 be afraid to do sth 互换)。2. I’m afraid not 与 I’m not afraid:前者为委婉的否定回答,意为“恐怕不…”;后者意为“我不怕”。

Africa n.非洲:Africa is a continent. 非洲是个大陆。

African adj.非洲的,非洲人的 n.[C]非洲人

after prep.在…后面 conj.在…以后 adv.在后,后来:What did you do after leaving school? 离开学校之后你干什么了? / I will tell them after you leave (have left). 你走了之后我再告诉他们。/ We arrived soon after. 我们随后就到了。

【辨析】1. after与behind:前者指位次的先后,后者指位置的前后。2. after与in:前者以过去时间为起点,通常连用过去时态;而in 则以现在时间为起点,通常连用将来时态。但是,若表示在某一点时间之后,则只能用after(无论是现在还是过去):I’ll leave here after 6 o’clock. 我6点后离开这儿。

afternoon n.[C,U]下午,午后:He returned in the late afternoon. 他是在傍晚时分回来的。/ This afternoon will be cloudy, turning clear. 今天下午阴转晴。

afterward(s) ad. 随后,以后,后来:The ceremony lasts half an hour and afterward there is a meal.仪式持续了半个小时,然后是用餐。/My parents met during the war but didn’t marry till five years afterwards.我父母在战争期间相识,但他们5年之后才结婚。

again adv.再一次,又,再:After the storm it became calm again. 暴风雨过后,天气又恢复平静无风。/ Look to it that this doesn’t happen again. 注意不要再发生这种事。

【短语】again and again 再三地,反复地 / once again 再一次

against prep. 相反,反对,逆着,靠着,倚着:Are you for or against it? 你是支持它还是反对它? / Drug taking is against the law. 吸毒是违法的。/ It is a great joy to battle against nature. 与大自然作斗争,其乐无穷。

【注意】against 是介词,不是动词,所以不能说 Do you against…之类的。

age n.年龄,时代,(用复数表示)长时间:What is your age? 你年纪多大?/ She died in 1936 at the age of 84. 她死于1936年,享年84岁。/ I haven’t seen him for ages. 我已好长时间没有见到他了。

【注意】不要按汉语习惯将“他年纪轻”说成He age is young. 可说成 He is young.

agency n.代办处,代理处,经销处,中介处;经济业务:I got this job through an employment agency.我是通过职业介绍所找到这份工作的。

agenda n.(会议的)议程;(事项)代办;话题,议题:the first item on the agenda第一项议程。/Environmental issues are racing up the political agenda.环境问题正在迅速成为政治议题。

agent n.代理人;代理商;经纪人:We are acting as agents for Mr.Watson.我们是沃森先生的代理人。

ago adv.以前:That was some twenty years ago. 那大约是20年前。/ We came a week ago, since when the weather has been bad. 我们一星期前来到这里,从那时起天气一直不好。

agree v.同意,赞成,答应:She agreed to my idea. 她同意我的想法。/ I quite agree with what you say. 你所说的我很赞成。/ If you agree, so; if not, so. 如果你同意,就这样;如果你不同意,也这样。

【比较】agree to do sth 同意做某事 / agree with sb 赞成某人的意见,与某人意见相同 / agree on (upon) 对…持相同观点 / agree to 同意(某项计划、建议、安排等)

【注意】不要将汉语的“同意某人做某事”直译为agree sb to do sth,可改说agree to let sb do sth等。

agreement n.协议,协定;一致:Under the agreement, most agricultural prices would be frozen or cut.根据协议,大部分农产品的价格会被冻结或降低。/There is agreement among doctors that teenagers should not smoke.医生们一致认为,青少年不应吸烟。

agriculture n.[U]农业,农艺,农学:United States Department of Agriculture 美国农业部

ahead adv.在前面,向前:Walk straight ahead until you reach the river. 一直朝前走到河边。

【短语】ahead of 在…之前;超过 / ahead of time [schedule] 提前 / Go ahead! 前进,有进展,继续干下去

【注意】ahead 是副词,不是名词,所以不能说 in the ahead, at the ahead等。

aid n.v.援助;救助;帮助:We are collecting money in aid of cancer research.我们正筹集资金以资助癌症研究。/I didn’t speak any French, but a nice man come to my aid and told me where to go.我不会说法语,不过一个好心人帮了我的忙,告诉我怎么走。/What’s this in aid of? [英口]这有什么用?这样做是什么用意?/The local people aided us in our investigation.当地人协助我们调查。

AIDS n.艾滋病,获得性免疫缺损综合症。

aim n.[U]瞄准,对准 [C]目标 v.瞄准,对准,以…为目标:It is now our aim to set up a factory. 我们现在的目标是创办一座工厂。/ I aim to be a lawyer. 我要当个律师。

【用法】1.表示“瞄准”时,不可数,所以在 take aim at, take careful aim at 这类短语中没有不定冠词。2.表示“想做某事”或“以做某事为目标”,动词aim后可接不定式或接at doing sth,即aim to do sth=aim at doing sth。

air n.[U]空气,大气,天空,空中 [C]样子,神态,气氛:Birds fly in the air. 鸟在空中飞翔。/ Better let in some fresh air. 最好放些新鲜空气进来。/ He came into the room with an air of importance. 他带着一副了不起的神情走进室内。

aircraft n.[C]飞机,航空器:There are enemy aircraft on the radar screen.雷达荧屏上出现了敌人的飞机。

【注意】单复数同形,所以不要说 five aircrafts,some aircrafts 之类的。

airline n.航空公司。

airmail n.航空邮件:Send the letter by airmail.这封信用航空邮寄。

airplane n.飞机。

airport n.[C]航空站,飞机场:At the airport, the customs officers searched his case. 在机场,海关人员检查了他的箱子。

airspace n.(某个国家的)领空:The planes had entered the Israeli airspace without permission.飞机未经允许进入了以色列领空。

alarm n.v.惊恐,惊慌,报警器,闹钟;使惊恐(不安,焦虑):I turned in alarm as the wind blew the door open.风把门吹开了,我惊慌地转过身去。/Her high temperature alarmed the doctors.她体温很高,使医生有些担心。

alcohol n.含有酒精的饮品,酒;酒精。

alike ad.相似地,相同地;同样地:The twins were dressed alike.这对双胞胎穿得一样。/I enjoyed being on this course—I learned a lot from teachers and students alike.我喜欢上这门课—我从老师和同学身上都学到了很多知识。

alive adj. 活着的,活跃的,充满…的,通着电流的:The fish we caught is still alive. 我们捉的鱼还活着。/ The wire is alive. 这条电线带电。

【注意】1.可用作表语,不作前置定语,但有时可用作后置定语:the greatest man alive当今伟人 2.通常不用 very 修饰,但可用 much 或 very much 修饰。

all adj.全部的,所有的 pron. 全体,全部 adv. 全部地,都,更加:Are all the students here today? 今天所有的学生都到了吗? / I know that all is well with her. 我知道她一切都好。/ She is all in favor of my suggestion. 她完全赞同我的建议。/ She hated him all the more. 她更加恨他了。

【短语】all along 自始至终 / all the same 依然,仍然 / not…at all 一点也不,从来不 / all over 到处,结束 / in all 总计,全部 / above all 首先,最重要的是 / after all 毕竟,终究

allergic adj.过敏的;变应性的:I’m allergic to alcohol.我对酒精过敏。

allocate v.分配;配给:You need to decide how much time to allocate to each exam question.你需要确定每一道试题花多少时间。

allow v.允许,准许:Smoking is not allowed here. 此处不准吸烟。/ He doesn’t allow cats in the room. 他不允许猫进入房内。

【用法】可接不定式作宾语补足语,但不接不定式作宾语,即可说allow sb to do sth,但不说allow to do sth(可改为 allow doing sth)。

【辨析】allow 与 permit:permit 通常指上级、规则或法令等表示的准许,其语气较重;而 allow 通常指消极地不加反对,有时含有听任或默许之意,语气较轻。如:Nothing is permitted; everything is allowed. 一切都没明文规定可以做,但一切做了也无妨。

almost adv. 几乎,差不多:It was almost dark when they got there. 他们抵达那里时,天几乎黑了。

【辨析】almost与nearly:almost 可用于 any 以及 no, none, nobody, nothing, never 等否定词之前,但 nearly 一般不这样用。而nearly 前可用 very, pretty, not 等词修饰,但 almost 之前不能用这些词。

alone adj. 单独的,独自的adv.独自,单独,仅仅:She watches TV when she is alone. 独自一人时,她便看电视。/ He alone knows the secret. 只有他一人知道秘密。

【短语】leave…alone 听其自然,不要去管 / let alone 至于,更不必说

【用法】用作副词表示“仅仅”时,要放在被修饰词语之后,比较:He can do it alone. 他一个人可以做此事。/ He alone can do it. 只有他能做此事。

along prep.沿着,顺着 adv. 向前,往前;一起:We walked along the river. 我们沿着河走。/ I took my brother along. 我带着弟弟。

【短语】all along一直,始终 / along with 和…一起[一道],随着,除…以外(还)

aloud adv. 出声地,大声地:He read the poem aloud. 他高声朗诵那首诗。

【短语】think aloud 自言自语

alphabet n.字母表。

already adv.已经:I’ve already forgiven you. 我已经原谅了你。/ It is already the middle of summer. 现在已是仲夏了。/ She had already gone when I arrived. 我到的时候她已经走了。

【注意】一般用于肯定句,不用于否定句或疑问句(此时用 yet),不过有时在疑问句中也用它,用于表示惊讶(且多用于句末)。

also ad. 也 conj. 又,并且:He also asked to join the army. 他也要求去参军。/ Also, he has gone abroad. 而且,他已去了国外。

【短语】not only…but also …不但…而且

【用法】用于肯定句或疑问句,但通常不用于否定句(在否定句中用either)。

although conj.虽然,然而:Although he was ill, he worked hard. 他虽然生病,但仍努力工作。/ I did not know that then, although I learned it later. 当时我不知道那件事,但我后来知道了。

【用法】不能按汉语习惯在主句前用连接词 but, 但可用副词yet, nevertheless 等。

altitude n.高度;海拔:The plane was flying at an altitude of 30,000 feet.飞机在3万英尺的高空飞行。

altogether ad. 完全地,总共:I am altogether on your side in this matter. 在这个问题上我完全支持你。/ Altogether there were 36 people in the bus. 在公共汽车上一共有36人。

【注意】altogether与 all together不同,后者表示“一起”、“同时”。

always  ad.总是,永远:He always keeps to his promises. 他总是说话算数的。

【注意】与否定词连用构成部分否定(not always=并非总是),且只能位于否定词之后:Money doesn’t always bring happiness. 财富并不一定总带来幸福。

a.m./am, A.M./AM n. 午前,上午:I start work at 9 am.我上午9时开始工作。

amateur a.业余的,非职业的:an amateur golfer.业余高尔夫球员。

amaze v.使大为惊奇;使惊愕:She amazed us by suddenly getting married.她突然间结婚,令我们非常吃惊。

amazing a.了不起的,好得惊人的;让人难以相信的:He is an amazing player to watch.看他比赛那才叫精彩呢。/amazing stories令人称奇的传闻。

ambassador(ambassadress) n.大使(夫人)。

ambiguous a.歧义的,含糊的;不明确的;难以理解的:an ambiguous sentence歧义句。/His role in the affair is ambiguous.他在事件中的角色并不明确。

ambition n.抱负;雄心;野心:Your problem is that you have no ambition..你的问题在于胸无大志。

ambulance n.救护车:Do you know the man who is driving the ambulance?你认识开救护车的那个人吗?

America n.美国,美洲:the Voice of America (VOA) 美国之音 / Columbus discovered America in 1492. 哥伦布于1492年发现了美洲。

among  prep.在…中间,在(三者或三者以上)之间,…之一:They live among the mountains. 他们住在群山之中。/ Baseball is very popular among Americans. 棒球运动很受美国人的欢迎。/ She is among the best of our typists. 她是我们最好打字员之一。

【辨析】among与between:前者主要用于三者或三者以上之间,后者主要用于两者之间。

amount n.v.总数,数量,总额;达到,总计:Her case has attracted an enormous amount of sympathy.她的情况得到了无数公众的同情。

 【用法】不用进行时。Time lost through illness amounted to 1,357 working days.因疾病而损失的时间总计达到1357个工作日。

amuse v.使开心,使发笑:What amused me most was the thought of Martin in a dress.想到马丁穿着连衣裙我就觉得很好笑。

amusement n.开心,愉悦;娱乐设施:Hsu’s tricks were a source of endless amusement to the other boys.徐的小戏法给其他孩子带来无尽的乐趣。

analyse/ze v.分析:Now, let’s analyze the text.现在我们来分析课文。

analysis n.分析:a detailed analysis of the week’s news.一周新闻的详细分析。

ancestor n.祖先;祖宗:My ancestors were French.我的祖先是法国人。

ancient a.古代的:(通常幽默)老掉牙的:the ancient civilizations of Asia.亚洲的古代文明。/That photo makes me look ancient.那张照片显得我很老。

and conj.和,又;然后,接着:Let’s go and play basketball. 我们去打篮球吧。/ She read for an hour and went to bed. 她读了一小时的书,然后就去睡了。

【用法】1.用于连接两个比较级,表示“越来越”:colder and colder 越来越冷 2.用于 good, nice, fine 等之后,表示“很”、“挺”:good and fast 很快

anecdote n.(基于个人经历的)趣闻轶事。

anger n.[U]生气,愤怒 v. (使)发怒:Anger showed in his face. 他脸上露出怒容。/ His loud radio angered me. 他大声放收音机使我很生气。

angle n.角;视角;角度:This drawing was done from an unusual angle.这幅画是以独特的视角来描绘的。

angry adj.生气的;愤怒的:He changed his mind, which made me very angry. 他改变了主意,这使我很生气。

【用法】注意其后所接介词:be [get] angry at sth 因某事而生气 / be [get] angry about sth 因某事而生气 / be [get] angry with sb 生某人的气(注:不要想当然地用be angry to sb 来表示此义)。

animal n. [C]动物,兽 adj.动物的:plants and animals 动植物(注意词序) / The lion is a wild animal. 狮子是一种野生动物。

ankle n.脚踝。

anniversary n.周年纪念日:our 20th wedding anniversary.我们结婚20周年纪念日。

announce vt.宣告,宣布,发表:He announced the good news to her. 他向她宣布了这个好消息。/ He announced to her that he would go soon. 他告诉她不久就离开。

【注意】不能接双宾语,即不用于announce sb sth,要表示类似意思可用announce sth to sb。

annoy v.烦恼,打搅,使烦恼:The way he orders me around really annoys me.他把我差来遣去的做法真让我恼火。

annual a.一年一度的,每年的:an annual conference.年会。

another adj.再一,另一,别的 pron.另一个:Please give me another. 请给我另一个。/ You’d better stay in hospital for another few days. 你最好在医院再住几天。

【用法】1.泛指不确定数目中的“另外任何一个”;若特指两个当中的另外一个,不用 another,而用the other:Please show me another. 请再拿一个给我看看(至少已看过一个)。2. 在一般情况下,其后不能接复数名词,而接单数可数名词(表泛指),但若复数名词之前有数词或few修饰,则可用它修饰:another five students 另外5个学生

【短语】one after another 一个又一个地,一个接一个地,相继地 / one another 互相,彼此

answer v.回答,答复;回信;满足于n. [C]答案;回应:Please answer the telephone. 请接电话。/ This tool will answer our needs. 这工具能满足我们的需要。

【短语】answer back 回嘴,顶嘴 / answer for 对…担保,为…的后果承担责任 / answer to 符合,适合 / in answer to 为了回答(响应),听(接)到…后就

ant n.蚂蚁;have ants in your pants(口)坐立不安。

Antarctic n.a.南极;南极地区。

anxiety n.焦虑,不安,担心;渴望:anxiety among staff about job losses.职员对失业的担心。

anxious adj.忧虑的,担心的;渴望的:People all over the world were anxious to have peace. 全世界人民都渴望和平。

【用法】表示为某事担心,其后可接介词 about / for;表示渴望得到某物,其后通常接for,而不用about,当然也可接不定式:He’s anxious for [to know] the result. 他急于想知道结果。

any adj.(用于疑问句,否定句等)什么;一些,任何的 pron.(无论)那些;(无论)哪一个 adv.略微,一点:Have you any money with you? 你身上带钱了吗? / I’m too tired to walk any further. 我太累了,不能再往前走了。

【用法】1.用作代词时,只能用于三者或三者以上,不能用于两者(表示两者中的任意一个,可用either),如不能说 any of my parents,但可说 either of my parents。2. 用于否定句时,只能用于否定词之后,即可说not…any,不说any…not。

anybody / anyone pron.任何人:Hello! Is anybody here? 喂!有人吗?/ You mustn’t tell anybody about this; it’s secret. 这件事你不能告诉任何人,这是秘密。

anyhow adv.无论如何,不管怎样;随便:Anyhow, I will see you tonight. 无论如何, 今天晚上我要见你。

anyone pron.任何人Anyone can do it.—it’s easy.任何人都会做,这很容易。He is cleverer than anyone I know.他比我认识的任何人都聪明。

anything  pron. 东西,任何事物,无论什么:You can’t believe anything she says. 你不能相信她说的话。/ I want something to eat, and anything will do. 我想弄点东西吃,什么都行。

【短语】anything but 绝不,并不 / if anything 如果有什么不同的话

【用法】1.受形容词的修饰时,形容词应置于其后。2.用于否定句时,只能用于否定词之后,即可说not…anything,不说anything…not。

anyway ad.无论如何,不管怎样:He said he didn’t know much about computers but that he’d try and help us anyway.他说他不太懂电脑,不过,他说他无论如何也会设法帮助我们。

anywhere ad.无论何处,任何地方:Did you go anywhere yesterday? 你昨天去没去过什么地方?/ You can go anywhere you like. 你可以去你喜欢的任何地方。

apart ad.a隔开(的),相距(的),相隔(的):She stood apart from the group, smiling.她独自站在一边,笑。/The two villages are 6 kilometres apart.两村之间相距6公里。

apartment n.一套住房;公寓套间。the presidential apartments.总统套间。

apologize / apologise vi.道歉:You might at least apologize. 你至少应该道个歉吧。/ I have come to apologize to you. 我是来向您道歉的。/ I must apologize for calling you so late. 实在抱歉,这么晚给您打电话。

apology n.道歉,认错:Your behaviour was rude. I demand an apology.你的行为太粗鲁。我要求你道歉。

apparent a.显而易见的;明白易懂的:(+to)Her anxiety was apparent to everyone.大家都看得出她焦虑不安。

appeal v.n.感染力,恳求,呼吁:(appeal to sb.for sth.)The police are appealing to the public for information about the crime.警方呼吁公众提供有关这宗罪案的信息。/The film has great appeal for young audiences.这部电影对年轻观众有巨大的吸引力。

appear vi. 出现,看来,似乎:It appears that he is ill.=He appears to be ill. 他似乎病了。/ There appears to be something the matter with her. 她好像出了什么事似的。

【用法】1.不及物,不能有宾语,也不能用于被动语态。2.与look, seem 后可接介词 like 不同,appear 后不接介词like。

appearance n.外表,外观:You mustn’t worry about your appearance—you look fine.你不用担心自己的外表,你看起来很好。

apple n. [C]苹果:the apple of sb’s eye 珍爱之物

applicant n.申请人。

application n.申请(书):There were more than 300 applications for the six jobs.有300多人申请这六份工作。/I received hundreds of job applications.我收到了几百份工作申请。

apply v.申请(+to)I applied to four universities and was accepted by all of them,我申请了四所大学,全部录取我了。/(+for)He applied for the post of Tom’s secretary.他申请汤姆的秘书一职。使用,应用,运用:New technology is being applied to almost every process.新技术正被应用到几乎几乎所有流程。

appoint v.任命,委派:They appointed a new tercher at the school.他们给学校委派了一名新老师。/The school board have appointed her Superintendent of the city’s schools.学校董事会任命她为该市所有学校的督学。

appointment n.约定,预约;任命,委任:an appointment with the doctor at 10:30与医生约定在10点30分看病。/I have an appointment to see the manager.我约好了见经理。/His appointment as head of department has caused a lot of friction.任命他为部门经理引起了很大的矛盾。

appreciate v.欣赏,赏识,鉴赏;感激;充分理解:Her abilities are not fullyappreciated by her employer.她的才干尚未得到雇主的充分赏识。/I appreciated his help when we moved.我很感激他在我们搬家时给予的帮助。/I don’t think you appreciate the difficulties his absence will cause.我认为你不完全了解他的缺席会造成什么样的困难。

approach n.v.方法;步骤;接近,靠近;通路,入口:(+to)a new approach to teaching languages教授语言的新方法。/Our approach frightened the birds away.我们一靠近,鸟儿全都受惊飞走了。/The approach to the house was by a minor road.进入这幢房子要经过一条小路。

approve v.批准;认可;赞成,同意(of):They approved our plan.他们批准了我们的计划。/Her parents now approve of her marriage.她的父母现在同意她结婚。

approximately ad大致,大约,大概:The plane will be landing in approximately 20 minutes.飞机大约将于20分钟以后着陆。

apron n.围裙。

architect n.建筑师,设计师:He wants to be an architect.他想当建筑师。

architecture n.建筑风格,建筑设计;建筑学:He studied architecture at university.他在大学里修学了建筑学。

Arctic n.a.北极;北极地区。

area n. [C,U]面积,地区,区域:Teachers are in demand in this area. 在这个地区很需要教师。/ Parking is prohibited in this area. 此处禁止停车。

【用法】表示某地面积大小的方法很多,如要表示“我们庭园的面积为20平方米”,可说成:Our garden has an area of twenty square meters. / The area of our garden is twenty square meters. / Our garden is twenty square meters in area. / Our garden covers an area of twenty square meters.

argue v.争论,说服,证明:He argued for (against) the plan. 他赞成(反对)这个计划。/They always argue about [over] money. 他们总是为钱争吵。

argument n.争论,争辩,争吵:The argument seemed to be about who was going to take the cat to the vet.争论似乎是关于有谁带猫去看兽医。/They were having an argument about children.他们在为孩子的事争吵。

arise(arose, arisen) v.发生;由……引起,产生;起床,起来:Can we begin by discussing matters arising from the last meeting.我们是不是可以从讨论上次会议所产生的问题开始?/Daniel arose at dawn.丹尼尔天亮就起床了。

arithmetic n.算术。

arm n. [C]手臂,胳膊;(用复数)武器 v.武装,装备:He was wounded in the arm. 他的胳膊受伤了。/ She held [took] her handbag in her arms. 她双手把手提包抱在怀里。

【短语】arm in arm 臂挽着臂 / be armed to the teeth 全副武装

armchair n.扶手椅。

army n.军队;大群:He also asked to join the army. 他也要求去参军。/ an army of bees 一大群蜜蜂

【用法】用作主语,谓语动词用单数(从整体考虑)或复数(从个体考虑)均可:The army was [were] wiped out. 这支军队被消灭了。

around prep.在…周围;环绕;大约 adv.(在)各处,(在)附近,到处,在周围:There was a wall around the park. 公园四周有围墙。/ Will you please wait around for me? 请在附近等我好吗?

arrange v.安排,筹划;James is arranging a big surprise party for Helen’s birthday.詹姆士正在为海伦张罗一个使她惊喜的生日聚会。/I’d like to arrange a business loan.我想安排一项商业贷款。/I have arranged for the window cleaner to come on Thursday.我已经安排好一个窗户清洁工星期四来。

arrangement n.安排,筹划,准备:What exactly are the arrangements for the wedding?婚礼到底是如何安排的?/The local newspaper made an arrangements for an interview with Professor Stein.当地报纸安排对斯坦教授进行专访。

arrest v.逮捕;拘捕:Police arrested 26 demonstrtors, over half of them women.警方逮捕了29名示威者,其中一半以上是妇女。

arrival n.[U]到达 [C]到来的人或物:On my arrival at [in] Paris I went to see her. 我一到巴黎,就去看她了。/ Come and meet the new arrivals. 来见见新来的人。

arrive vi.到达,(时间)到来,得出(结论),(婴儿)出生,来到:He was the first to arrive. 他第一个到。/ It took a long time to arrive at a conclusion. 花了很长时间才达成一个结论。/ Her baby arrived during the night. 她的小孩是夜里生的。

【用法】不及物,后接地点,需借助介词at或in (地方较小用at,较大用in)。

arrow n.箭,矢;箭头:Follow the red arrows to the X-ray department.顺着红箭头指的方向去x光科。

art n.[U,C]艺术,美术;技艺,技术;(用复数)人文学科:Art is long; life is short. (谚语)艺术长久,人生短暂。/ a work of art 一件美术品 / Language teaching is both a science and an art. 语言教学既是一门科学又是一门艺术。

article n.[C](尤指报刊杂志上的)文章;物品,物件;冠词:What does the article discuss? 这篇文章讲的是什么? / an article of clothing 一件衣服

artificial a.人造的;人工的;仿造的:an artificial leg义腿。

artist n. [C]美术家:He has no wish to be an artist. 他不想做艺术家。

as conj.当…的时候;由于;尽管;随着,与…一样 prep.作为,当作adv.同样,相同 pron.正如:He dropped the glass as he stood up. 他站起来时,把杯子摔了。/ This is the same as it was before. 这个与以前一样。/ As you are tired, you had better rest. 你累了,最好休息一下。/ As the wages advanced, so did the cost of living. 随着工资的提高, 生活费用也提高了。

【短语】as…as 与…一样 / not as [so]…as 不像,不如 / as if=as though 好像,好似 / as yet 迄今,到目前为止 / as [so] long as 只要 / as soon as 一…就 / as to 关于,至于

【用法】1.用作连词,表示“尽管”时,要用于倒装句,且倒装后位于句首的名词通常不用冠词(等于though):Child as[=though] he was, he did quite well. 他虽是个孩子, 但已干得很不错。2.用作关系代词,有两种用法:一是用于such, the same, as等之后引导限制性定语从句:Such men as(=Those men who) heard of him praised him. 听说过他的人都赞扬他。二是单独用作关系代词,引导非限制性定语从句,可放在主句之前(常译为:正如)或之后(常译为:这一点),且主从句之间一般要用逗号隔开:He was absent, as is often the case. 他缺席了,这是常有的事。

ash n.灰,(常用pl)灰烬,骨灰,遗体:The house (was) burned to ashes. 房子烧成灰烬了。

【用法】表示“灰”时本来不可数,但有时可用复数形式代替单数形式,且意思不变:cigarette ash [ashes] 烟灰

ashamed adj.惭愧,害臊:I am half ashamed to do so. 这样做我有些不好意思。/ You really ought to be ashamed of that. 你实在应该对此感到惭愧。/ Not feel ashamed to ask and learn from people below. 不耻下问。

Asia n.亚洲:China is in the east of Asia. 中国位于亚洲东部。/ Our factory exports to Southeast Asia. 我厂向东南亚出口产品。

Asian n.[C]亚洲人 adj.亚洲的,亚洲人的:The First East Asian Games were held in Shanghai in 1993. 第1届东亚运动会于1993年在上海举行。

aside ad.靠一边;站到一边;存钱:I stepped aside just in time, and the car whizzed past.我及时避到一旁,汽车呼啸而过。

ask v.问,要求;请求:Since you ask, I will tell you. 你既然问,我就告诉你。He asked to see the manager. 他求见经理。

【短语】ask for sth 请求,向…要 / ask sb for sth 请某人给某物 / ask after 问候(身体健康) / ask about 打听,查询

asleep adj.睡着的:He fell asleep during the lesson. 他在上课时睡着了。

【用法】1. 通常只用作表语,不能单独放在名词前作定语,不说 an asleep child,可改说a sleeping child。2.汉语说“睡得很熟”,英语习惯上用 fast [sound] asleep,而不说 very (much, very much) asleep。

aspect n.方面(of);朝向:Quarrelling affects all aspects of family life.争吵影响家庭的各个方面。

assess v.评价,评定;估计:It’s difficult to assess the effects of the new law just yet.现在还难以评价新法律的效果。/They assessed the value of the house at over $250,000.他们估计这所房子的价值超过25万美元。

assist v.帮助,协助:I was employed to assist the manager with his duties.我受雇协助经理工作。

assistant n.[C]助手,助教,图书馆管理员:shop assistant 店员 / assistant engineer 助理工程师 / assistant manager 副经理

associate v.把某人/某事与……联系起来;与……有瓜葛:I’ve never associated you with this place.我从未把你和这个地方联系在一起。/I wouldn’t want to be associated with the project.我不想和那项计划有任何瓜葛。

association n.协会,社团;联系:the Association of Master Builders建筑师协会/his association with the Green Party.他与绿党的合作。

assume v.假定,假设:I didn’t see your car, so I assumed you’d gone out.我没有看见你的汽车,所以我以为你出去了。/Assuming that the proposal is accepted, when are we going to get the money.假定这个建议被采纳,我们什么时候能拿到钱?

assumption n.假定,假设:A lot of people make the assumption that poverty only exists in the Third World.许多人认为贫困仅仅存在于第三世界。

astonish vt.使惊讶,使吃惊:The news astonished everybody. 这消息使人人感到惊讶。/ I was astonished at [by] the news.=I was astonished to hear the news. 听到这消息我很吃惊。

astronaut n.宇航员,太空人。

astronomer n.天文学家。

astronomy n.天文学。

at prep.在,于;向,对准;因为,由于;在…方面;(表示速度、程度、价格等)以,按:He lives at 35 Manchester Road, London. 他住在伦敦曼彻斯特路35号。/ Everybody, we begin at page 50 today. 各位,我们今天从第50页开始。/ At the news he became excited. 一听到这消息,他变得很激动。/ He bought it at (the price of) 50 dollars. 他以50美元的价格买下了它。

athlete n.运动员:a natural athlete天生的运动员。

athletic a.强壮的,擅长运动的:Sven was tall, blonde, and athletic looking.斯文个子高,一头金发,看上去像个运动员。

Atlantic n.a.大西洋;大西洋的。

atmosphere n.大气(层);(室内)空气;气氛,环境:The atmosphere at home’s been depressing since they had that fight.自从那次他们打架以来,家里的气氛日渐沉闷。

atom n.原子;一点儿:There isn’t an atom of truth in it.那里面没有丝毫的真实性。

attach v.系,绑,贴,固定,连接,附上;喜欢,依恋:The web was only attached to the leaf by one thread.蜘蛛网只有一根细丝吊在叶子上。/It’s easy to become attached to the children you work with. Too attached, sometimes.很容易喜欢上和你相处的孩子们,有时候会喜欢过头。

attack v.攻击 n.[C,U]进攻;(疾病)侵袭,发作:Wolves will not usually attack humans. 狼通常不会袭击人。

attempt v.& n.尝试,试图:She made every attempt. 她尽一切努力。/ She attempted to get [getting] in touch with them. 她企图和他们联系上。

【用法】1.后接动词作宾语时,该动词可用不定式,也可用动名词。2. make an attempt 后接动词表示试图做某事时,该动词可用不定式或用at doing sth 的形式。

attend v.出席,参加;看护,照料,护理;注意:He didn’t attend the meeting because he was ill. 他因病没有出席会议。/ I’ll attend to the matter. 这事我来处理。/ I’m too busy. I can’t attend to you now. 我很忙,现在不能接待你。

attention n.[U]留心,注意:Please give it your attention. 请关注此事。/ He called our attention to what he said. 他提醒我们注意他说的话。

【用法】在 pay [give, bring] attention to 等短语中的 to 是介词,后接动词时用动名词:He gives all his attention to making money. 他的注意力完全集中在赚钱上。

attitude n.态度;感觉;看法:(+towards)Peter’s attitude towards women really scares me.皮特对妇女的看法真让我害怕。As soon as they found out I was a doctor their whole attitude changed.他们一发现我是医生,整个态度都变了。

attract vt.吸引、引起(兴趣,注意),招引:The film attracts a large audience. 这部电影吸引很多观众。/ Newton found that all masses attract each other. 牛顿发现所有的物质都相互吸引。

attraction n.喜爱,喜欢;有魅力之物;吸引力,诱惑力:The attraction between them was almost immediate.他们几乎是一见钟情。/The beautiful beaches are the island’s main attraction.美丽的海滩是这个岛吸引人的主要之处。、Being your own boss is one of the attractions of owning your own business.自己当老板是拥有自己的企业的吸引力之一。

attractive a.有魅力的,有诱人的;好看的:an attractive young woman妩媚动人的年轻女子。I must admit I’ve never found him particular attractive.我必须承认我从未发觉他有什么特别迷人的地方。

audience n. 听众,观众:The audience began clapping and cheering.观众开始鼓掌欢呼。

aunt n.[C]姨,姑,伯母,舅母,婶:Aunt Polly 波莉姑妈

author n.[C]作家,创造者:The book has a preface written by the author. 该书有作者写的序言。

automatic a.自动的;自动化的;必须随之发生的:an automatic rifle自动步枪。/Littering results in an automatic fine of $500.乱丢垃圾按规定要罚500美元。

autumn n.[C,U]秋天,秋季:In autumn the leaves change from green to brown. 秋天树叶由绿变黄。/ the Moon Festival=the Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节

available a.可获得的,可用的:We have already used up all the available space.可用的空间我们都用上了。/The university is trying to make more accommondation available for students.该大学在设法为学生提供更多的住处。

avenue n.林荫道,大街;方法,途径:Fifth Avenue第五大街;/we explored every possible avenue, but couldn’t find a solution.我们探讨了所有可能的途径,但没有找到解决办法。

average n.[C]平均(数) adj.平常的,平均的 v.平均为,求…的平均数:An average of 10 students are absent each day. 平均每天有10个学生缺席。/ What was the average temperature yesterday? 昨天的平均气温是多少? / He is just an average student. 他只是个普通的学生。/ He averages two trips a year. 他平均每年旅游两次。

【短语】above the average 中上 / below the average 中下 / on (the, an) average 平均,按平均数计算,一般地说

avoid v.避免,防止;(故意)回避,避开;逃避:This leaflet tells you how to avoid getting ill while travelling.这本小册子告诉你怎样在旅行期间防止生病。

awake v.(awoke, awoken / awaked)醒,唤醒;使醒adj.(作表语)醒着的:The baby is awake. 婴儿是醒的。/ He is awake to the serious problem. 他已意识到了这个严重的问题。

【用法】1.用作动词时,相当于 wake up,但本身通常不与副词 up 连用。2.用作形容词时,只用作表语,不作定语;要表示“完全醒着”,不用 very 修饰,而用 wide, fully, thoroughly 等修饰。

award n. 奖,奖赏,奖金,奖品:She won the best actress award.她获得最佳女演员奖。

aware a.意识到的,明白的,知道的:Were you aware that your son was having difficulties at school?你知道你儿子在学校学习有困难吗?/make sb. arare of sth.It’s time someone made him aware of the effects of his actions?该有人让他明白他的所作所为所造成的后果了。

away adv.离开;远离:My birthday is two months away. 我的生日还有两个月。

【短语】right away 马上 / straight away 马上 / far away 在远处

awful a.糟糕的;恶劣的;难受的:The weather was awful.天气很糟糕。/I felt awful about not being able to help.我帮不上忙,心里很难受。

awkward a.尴尬的,为难的,不方便的:The more she tried to get out of the situation, the more awkward it became.他越是想摆脱困境,越变得不知所措。/I’m sorry, have I called at an awkward time?对不起,我的电话打得是否不是时候?

B

 

baby n.[C]婴儿,幼畜,幼鸟 adj.婴儿的,微型的:She is going to have a baby. 她就要生小孩了。/ a baby elephant 小象

 

 

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