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高考考点词汇大全(2)  

2012-01-13 20:36:07|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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and conj.和,又;然后,接着:Let’s go and play basketball. 我们去打篮球吧。/ She read for an hour and went to bed. 她读了一小时的书,然后就去睡了。

【用法】1.用于连接两个比较级,表示“越来越”:colder and colder 越来越冷 2.用于 good, nice, fine 等之后,表示“很”、“挺”:good and fast 很快

(2011山东卷)23. Find ways to praise your children often, ____ you’ll find they will open their hearts to you.

         A. till       B. or        C. and           D. but

(2011辽宁卷)31. Bring the flowers into a warm room ___ they'll soon open.

    A. or                B. and              C. but              D. for

 

another adj.再一,另一,别的 pron.另一个:Please give me another. 请给我另一个。/ You’d better stay in hospital for another few days. 你最好在医院再住几天。

【用法】1.泛指不确定数目中的“另外任何一个”;若特指两个当中的另外一个,不用 another,而用the other:Please show me another. 请再拿一个给我看看(至少已看过一个)。2. 在一般情况下,其后不能接复数名词,而接单数可数名词(表泛指),但若复数名词之前有数词或few修饰,则可用它修饰:another five students 另外5个学生

【短语】one after another 一个又一个地,一个接一个地,相继地 / one another 互相,彼此

(09山东卷23)I felt so bad all day yesterday that I decided this morning I couldn’t face ________ day like that. 

A. other           B. another            C. the other         D. others

(2011上海卷) 26. To stay awake, he finished a cup of coffee and ordered ______.

      A. the other        B. other              C. the others      D. another

(2011陕西卷)16.-Would you get me a bar of chocolate from the kitchen, dear?

- ___ one?                                                               

A. Other   B. Every    C. Another    D. More

 

any adj.(用于疑问句,否定句等)什么;一些,任何的 pron.(无论)那些;(无论)哪一个 adv.略微,一点:Have you any money with you? 你身上带钱了吗? / I’m too tired to walk any further. 我太累了,不能再往前走了。

【用法】1.用作代词时,只能用于三者或三者以上,不能用于两者(表示两者中的任意一个,可用either),如不能说 any of my parents,但可说 either of my parents。2. 用于否定句时,只能用于否定词之后,即可说not…any,不说any…not。

(09陕西卷B10.)Jane was asked a lot of questions ,but she didn’t answer ___of them .

A other     B  any    C   none        D some

anywhere ad.无论何处,任何地方:Did you go anywhere yesterday? 你昨天去没去过什么地方?/ You can go anywhere you like. 你可以去你喜欢的任何地方。

(2011浙江卷)7. Since people are fond of humor, it is as well in conversation as _______ else.

A. anything              B. something           C. anywhere            D. somewhere

apart ad.a隔开(的),相距(的),相隔(的):She stood apart from the group, smiling.她独自站在一边,笑。/The two villages are 6 kilometres apart.两村之间相距6公里。Apart from 除了

(2011福建卷)22. ____ good service, the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Fujian dished.

A. Far from               B. Apart from    C.Instead of     D.Regardless of

appeal v.n.感染力,恳求,呼吁:(appeal to sb.for sth.)The police are appealing to the public for information about the crime.警方呼吁公众提供有关这宗罪案的信息。/The film has great appeal for young audiences.这部电影对年轻观众有巨大的吸引力。

.(10安徽卷 23).——How did you like Nick’s performance last night ?

—— To be honest ,his singing didn’t ________to me much?

A. appeal           B. belong             C. refer         D. occur

approach n.v.方法;步骤;接近,靠近;通路,入口:(+to)a new approach to teaching languages教授语言的新方法。/Our approach frightened the birds away.我们一靠近,鸟儿全都受惊飞走了。/The approach to the house was by a minor road.进入这幢房子要经过一条小路。

(10上海卷35).        the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 metres in height.[来源:

  A. Approaching    B. Approached        C. To approach       D. To be approached

 

approximately ad大致,大约,大概:The plane will be landing in approximately 20 minutes.飞机大约将于20分钟以后着陆。

(09湖北卷28) The questionnaire takes ___ten to fifteen minutes to complete and can be used along with the assessment interview.

A. mainly       B. punctually      C. approximately     D. precisely

 

as conj.当…的时候;由于;尽管;随着,与…一样 prep.作为,当作adv.同样,相同 pron.正如:He dropped the glass as he stood up. 他站起来时,把杯子摔了。/ This is the same as it was before. 这个与以前一样。/ As you are tired, you had better rest. 你累了,最好休息一下。/ As the wages advanced, so did the cost of living. 随着工资的提高, 生活费用也提高了。

【短语】as…as 与…一样 / not as [so]…as 不像,不如 / as if=as though 好像,好似 / as yet 迄今,到目前为止 / as [so] long as 只要 / as soon as 一…就 / as to 关于,至于

【用法】1.用作连词,表示“尽管”时,要用于倒装句,且倒装后位于句首的名词通常不用冠词(等于though):Child as[=though] he was, he did quite well. 他虽是个孩子, 但已干得很不错。2.用作关系代词,有两种用法:一是用于such, the same, as等之后引导限制性定语从句:Such men as(=Those men who) heard of him praised him. 听说过他的人都赞扬他。二是单独用作关系代词,引导非限制性定语从句,可放在主句之前(常译为:正如)或之后(常译为:这一点),且主从句之间一般要用逗号隔开:He was absent, as is often the case. 他缺席了,这是常有的事。

(09四川卷19)My uncle’s house in the downtown area is much smaller than ours , but it is twice _______ expensive .

A. as        B. so     C. too       D. very

(09辽宁卷33)Peter’s jacket looked just the same as Jack’s, but it cost _______his.

A. as much twice as       B. twice as much as

C. much as twice as       D. as twice much as

(09陕西卷13)My parents don’t mind what job I do___ I am happy .   

A even though    B as soon as     C  as long as   D as though

(09天津卷14.)I travel to the Binhai New Area by light railway every day, _____ do many businessmen who live in downtown Tianjin.

   A. as         B. which       C. when       D. though

(10安徽卷33). Just use this room for the time being, and we’ll offer you a larger one ____it becomes available.

A. as soon as        B. unless            C. as far as            D. until

(10江西卷22).— Our holiday cost a lot of money.

— Did it? Well, that doesn`t matter          you enjoyed yourselves.

A. as long as        B. unless             C. as soon as        D. though

(2011陕西卷)17.The new stadium being built for the next Asian Games will be ______the present one.   

A. as three times big as      B. three times as big as

C. as big as three times      D. as big three times as

(2011湖南卷)33 Jack wasn’t saying anything, but the teacher smiled at him _______he had done something very clever.

A .as if       B. in case       C. while         D. though

(2011全国卷I) 22. Try____ she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open.

A. if            B. when        C. sine          D. as

 

attach v.系,绑,贴,固定,连接,附上;喜欢,依恋:The web was only attached to the leaf by one thread.蜘蛛网只有一根细丝吊在叶子上。/It’s easy to become attached to the children you work with. Too attached, sometimes.很容易喜欢上和你相处的孩子们,有时候会喜欢过头。

(10江西卷25). Parents          much importance to education. They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift.

A. attach              B. pay              C. link                  D.apply

 

attend v.出席,参加;看护,照料,护理;注意:He didn’t attend the meeting because he was ill. 他因病没有出席会议。/ I’ll attend to the matter. 这事我来处理。/ I’m too busy. I can’t attend to you now. 我很忙,现在不能接待你。

(09江苏卷32)Distinguished guests and friends, welcome to our school,        the ceremony of the 50th Anniversary this morning are our alumni (校友) from home and abroad.

A. Attend         B. To attend            C. Attending         D. Having attended

attract vt.吸引、引起(兴趣,注意),招引:The film attracts a large audience. 这部电影吸引很多观众。/ Newton found that all masses attract each other. 牛顿发现所有的物质都相互吸引。

(10江苏卷24). Thousands of foreigners were______ to the Shanghai World Expo the day it opened.

A. attended         B. attained          C. attracted      D. attached

 

average n.[C]平均(数) adj.平常的,平均的 v.平均为,求…的平均数:An average of 10 students are absent each day. 平均每天有10个学生缺席。/ What was the average temperature yesterday? 昨天的平均气温是多少? / He is just an average student. 他只是个普通的学生。/ He averages two trips a year. 他平均每年旅游两次。

【短语】above the average 中上 / below the average 中下 / on (the, an) average 平均,按平均数计算,一般地说

(10江西卷35. Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000,

a(n)          of 40,000 per year.

A. average                 B. number           C. amount               D. quantity

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