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高考考点词汇大全(1)  

2012-01-13 20:33:52|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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a, an art. 1.一(个,件,…) 2.任何…都3.每(一) 4.某,某一个:I have got a ticket. 我有一张票。/ an awful noise 一种可怕的噪音 / A bird can fly. 鸟会飞。/ We often go to school two times a day. 我们常常一天两次去学校。/ A Mr. Brown wishes to see you. 一位叫布朗的先生想见你。

【注意】1.单数可数名词若泛指,其前需加 a / an,不要从汉语习惯出发,漏掉此不定冠词(高考中常考查此知识点,许多同学在做书面表达时也常犯此错),如:不能说Mr. Smith is interesting man.(需在 is后 加 an) 2.在序数词之前使用a(an),可以表示数量或序数的增加:Do you want to read it a third time? 你还想看第三次吗?

(09陕西卷6)What___ pity that you couldn’t be there to receive     prize!  

A. a; a           B . the ; a         C.  a ; the         D. the; the  

(09重庆卷26)Washing machines made by China have won ______worldwide attention and Haier has become _____popular name.

A. a; the           B./;a            C./;the            D. the; a

(09全国卷II 14)What I need is _____ book that contains _____ ABC of oil painting.

   A. a;不填           B. the; 不填          C. the; an           D. a; the

(10福建卷21).It’s          good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai world expo that gives them

        pleasure.

A.不填,a         B. a,不填          C. the ,a              D. a, the

(10江苏卷 21). The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that_______ people from all walks of life are working hard for_____ new Jiangsu.

A.不填; a          B. 不填;the         C. the; a         D. the; the

(10四川卷2). In          most countries, a university degree can give you         flying start in life.

  A. the; a            B. the; 不填           C.不填; 不填       D.不填; a

(10重庆卷27). Everything comes with       price; there is no such    thing as free lunch in the world.

A.a, a          B.the, /              C.the, /         D.a, /

(2011全国卷I) 33. It is generally accepted that _____ boy must learn to stand up and fight like____ man.

      A. a; a            B. a; the           C. the; the                    D. a; 不填

(2011山东卷)21. Take your time—it’s just _____ short distance from here to _____ restaurant.

      A.不填;the      B. a; the        C. the; a        D.不填;a

(2011江西卷)22. ---- It’s said John will be in a job paying over $60,000 ______ year.

   ---- Right, he will also get paid by ______ week.

     A. the; the                 B. a; the              C. the; a                  D. a; a

(2011浙江卷)2. Experts think that ______recently discovered painting may be ______ Picasso.

     A. the ;不填        B. a ;the               C. a; 不填               D. the; a

(2011四川卷)18. Dr. Peter Spence, _____headmaster of the school, told us, “ _____fifth of pupils here go on to study at Oxford and Cambridge. ”

      A. 不填;A         B. 不填;The      C. the; The       D. a; A

(2011重庆卷)26. In communication, a smile is usually ___________ strong sign of a friendly and _______ open attitude.

A. the, /            B. a, an          C. a, /  

above prep.在…上方,过于,超出 adv. 在上面 adj. 上面的,上述的,上文的:We were flying above the clouds. 我们在云层上面飞行。/ Health is above wealth. 健康胜过财富。/ He is above doing such things. 他不至于做出这样的事来。

【辨析】above与over:over 表示垂直在上的正上方,above 则不一定表示正上方(即表示正上方时两者均可用,不表示正上方时要用 above)。above all最重要的。

(09四川卷6)A great person is always putting others’ interests _________ his own.

A. below        B. above      C. in        D. on

(2011天津卷)11. He was a good student and scored _________ average in most subjects.

A. below               B. of                 C. on          D. above

(2011安徽卷)24. To be great, you must be smart, confident, and, ______, honest.

A. therefore     B. above all           C. however              D. after

 

accumulate v.积累;集聚:He accumulated a fortune through property speculation.他通过房产投机买卖积累了财富。

(2011湖北卷)28. Clinical evidence began to _______, suggesting that the new drugs had a wider range of useful activities than had been predicted from experiments in animals.

A. operate          B. strengthen                C. approve         D. accumulate

 

beyond prep.在…那边,晚于,超出 adv.在(往)更远处:The house is beyond the bridge. 房子在桥那边。/ The explanation you give is beyond me. 你做的解释我不懂。/ Good advice is beyond price. (谚)有益的忠告是无价之宝。

(09全国卷I 34)Everybody was touched _______ words after they heard her moving story.

A. beyond                      B. without         C. of                        D .in

build v.(built, built)建筑(造);建设(立):They decided to build a new school. 他们决定盖一所新学校。/ We are building socialism. 我们在建设社会主义。

(09浙江卷16)Practising Chinese kung fu can not only___ one’s strength, but also develop one’s character.

A bring up        B take up      C build up      D pull up

 

access n./v.入口;进入;获取(尤指电脑数据):Access is by means of a small door on her right.可通过右边的小门进入。/Access to the restrooms is through the foyer.去洗手间要穿过门厅。

(09浙江卷6)The system has been designed to give students quick and easy_______ to the digital resources of the library.

A. access             B. passage            C. way          D. approach

(09江西卷32)Frank put the medicine in the top drawer to make sure it would not be _______  to the kids.

   A. accessible         B. relative           C. acceptable       D. sensitive

adapt v. (使)适应;(使)适合(-to)The children are finding it hard to adapt to their new school.孩子们发觉很难适应新学校。/改造;改装:(+for)The materials can be adapted for use with older children.这些材料改一下可以给大一点的孩子用。

(09浙江卷11) The good thing about children is that they ___very easily to new environments.

A. adapt       B. appeal        C. attach         D. apply

 

admit vt. 接纳,让…进入,承认:He admitted that it was really his fault. 他承认这确实得怪他。

【用法】后接动词要用动名词,不用不定式:She admitted having read the letter. 她承认看过这封信。

(09全国卷II 15)If you leave the club, you will not be ______ back in.

   A. received    B. admitted        C. turned         D. Moved

advertise v.(为…)做广告,宣传:Have you tried that new shampoo they’ve been advertising on TV?你试过他们一直在电视上做广告的那种新洗发液吗?

(10北京卷25). I'm calling to enquire about the position      in yesterday's China Daily.

A. advertised      B. to be advertise d   C. advertising        D. having advertised

afraid adj.(用作表语)害怕的,担心的;恐怕:Don’t be afraid. 不用怕。/ He is afraid to say that. 他不敢说那事。/ I was afraid of waking him. 我担心会把他吵醒。/ I’m afraid you’re wrong. 恐怕是你错了。

【比较】1. be afraid to do sth与be afraid of doing sth:前者指害怕(不敢)做某事,而后者有两个意思,一是表示害怕做某事(此时可be afraid to do sth 互换),二是表示担心会发生某情况(所担心的情况不一定会发生,此时不能与 be afraid to do sth 互换)。2. I’m afraid not 与 I’m not afraid:前者为委婉的否定回答,意为“恐怕不…”;后者意为“我不怕”。

(10全国I卷31).—Everybody is going to climb the mountain. Can I go too, mom?

—______ Wait till you are old enough, dear.

A.Will you?       B.Why not?      C.I hope so.      D.I’m afraid not.

(10全国II卷6).—Is it all right if I keep this photo?—_______.

A. No,you don’t   B. No, it shouldn’t   C. I’m afraid not   D. Don’t keep it

 

against prep. 相反,反对,逆着,靠着,倚着:Are you for or against it? 你是支持它还是反对它? / Drug taking is against the law. 吸毒是违法的。/ It is a great joy to battle against nature. 与大自然作斗争,其乐无穷。

【注意】against 是介词,不是动词,所以不能说 Do you against…之类的。

(10天津卷13). My father warned me _______ going to the West Coast because it was crowed with tourists.

A. by                B. on               C. for             D. against

(10四川卷5). Tired, Jim was fast asleep with his back          a big tree.

A. in              B. below              C. beside            D. against

agree v.同意,赞成,答应:She agreed to my idea. 她同意我的想法。/ I quite agree with what you say. 你所说的我很赞成。/ If you agree, so; if not, so. 如果你同意,就这样;如果你不同意,也这样。

【比较】agree to do sth 同意做某事 / agree with sb 赞成某人的意见,与某人意见相同 / agree on (upon) 对…持相同观点 / agree to 同意(某项计划、建议、安排等)

【注意】不要将汉语的“同意某人做某事”直译为agree sb to do sth,可改说agree to let sb do sth等。

(10陕西卷14). You look well. The air and the sea foods in Sanya must ____ you, I suppose.   

A. agree with       B. agree to       C. agree on       D. agree about

 

all adj.全部的,所有的 pron. 全体,全部 adv. 全部地,都,更加:Are all the students here today? 今天所有的学生都到了吗? / I know that all is well with her. 我知道她一切都好。/ She is all in favor of my suggestion. 她完全赞同我的建议。/ She hated him all the more. 她更加恨他了。

【短语】all along 自始至终 / all the same 依然,仍然 / not…at all 一点也不,从来不 / all over 到处,结束 / in all 总计,全部 / above all 首先,最重要的是 / after all 毕竟,终究

(10浙江卷14).  __ that's important is that you are doing your best and moving in the right direction.

  A. One            B. All             C. Everything          D. Anything

along prep.沿着,顺着 adv. 向前,往前;一起:We walked along the river. 我们沿着河走。/ I took my brother along. 我带着弟弟。

【短语】all along一直,始终 / along with 和…一起[一道],随着,除…以外(还)

 

(10上海卷25). Sean has formed the habit of jogging       the tree-lined avenue for two hours every day.[来源:学|科|网]

A. between         B. along               C. below              D. with[来

although conj.虽然,然而:Although he was ill, he worked hard. 他虽然生病,但仍努力工作。/ I did not know that then, although I learned it later. 当时我不知道那件事,但我后来知道了。

【用法】不能按汉语习惯在主句前用连接词 but, 但可用副词yet, nevertheless 等。

(09湖南卷 34)______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him.                                     

A. Although           B. As long as  C. If only       D. As soon as 

(2011四川卷)4.  Frank insisted that he was not asleep _____ I had great difficulty in waking him up.

      A.  whether       B.  although        C.  for             D. so

(2011天津卷)5.  ____ regular exercise is very important, it’s never a good idea to exercise too close to bedtime.

A.It          B. As       C.Although      D.Unless

 

amuse v.使开心,使发笑:What amused me most was the thought of Martin in a dress.想到马丁穿着连衣裙我就觉得很好笑。

(10上海卷33). Lucy has a great sense of  humour and always keeps her colleagues   with her stories.

  A. amused         B. amusing           C. to amuse          D. to be amused

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