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桃李不言,下自成蹊……

 
 
 

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高中英语习惯用法汇总  

2012-01-13 20:31:08|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【要点点拨】

1.       It’s the first time that……….(从句中用现在完成时)

It was for the first time that………(强调句,对状语for the first time进行强调)

It’s (high) time that……..(从句中用过去时或should do)

2.       It’s the same with sb. / So it is with sb.表示某人也如此(用于前句中既有肯定又有否定或两个不同类的谓语动词)

3.…be about to do / be doing……when…….正要做/正在做……就在那时…….

4   A is twice / three times as +原级+as B

A is twice / three times the n. of B.

    A is twice / three times +比较级+than B

5.   It’s a waste of time / money doing / to do…

It’s no use / good doing………

It’s possible / probable / (un) likely that……….

It makes great / no sense to do……做某事很有/没意义

6.     There’s no use / good doing…….

There’s no sense / point (in) doing……

There is no need for sth. / to do…….

There is (no) possibility that…………(同位语从句)

7.The+比较级…….., the+比较级………越…….., 越…….

注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时;

8.    It seems / appears ( to sb. ) that sb…….在某人看来某人………

.= Sb. seems / appears to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……..

It seems / looks as if……….好象/似乎……..

9.It (so) happened that sb. ……..某人碰巧……..

= Sb. happened to be / to do / to be doing / to have done…..

10.It is said / thought / believed / hoped / supposed …….that sb………

=Sb. is said to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……….(注意:这种句型里如带动词hope则不能变成简单句,因为无hope sb. to do结构)

12     …….such…….that…….如此…….以致于(引导结果状语从句)

      …….such……..as……像……..的这种……(as为关系代词,引导定语从句,在从句里充当主、宾、表)

13. Do you mind if I do sth.?  /  Would you mind if I did sth.?

14. The chance is that……../ (The )Chances are that……….很可能…….

15.Check / Make sure / See to it  / See that……..(从句中常用一般现在时) 确信/务必……..

16.     depend on it that……..取决于

see to it that…….负责/设法做到…….

注意:除了except / but / in等介词可以直接接that从句,其它介词后必须用it做形式宾语;

17.  It is / was +介词短语/ 从句/ 名词/代词等+that………

      How / When / Where / Why is / was it that………..?

注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词时,还可用who连接;强调主语时,从句后的谓语动词应与前面的主语保持一致;注意与定语从句的区别)

18   .How is it that……..(这几个句型都表示“怎么会…….?” “怎么发生的?”)

  How come+从句?

  How does / did sth. come about? ( How did it come about that…….?)

如:How come you are late again?

19.    There seems / appears / happens to be / must be / can’t be / is (are, was, were) said to be / is (are, was, were) thought to be…….

表示 “.似乎有/碰巧有/一定有/不可能有/ 据说有/认为有……..”

      介词(如of )there being

      want / wish / expect there to be要/希望/期待有……..

      adj. / adv. enough for there to be…….足够…….会有…….

注意:there being / there to be为there be的非谓语形式;It is said / thought that there is / are……=There is / was / are / were said (thought) to be……. 如:

I have never dream of there being such a good chance for me.

It won’t be cold enough for there to be a frost tonight.

20. 疑问词+插入语+陈述语序?

Who do you think he’ll have attend the meeting?

21. But for + n. / pron.,  sb. / sth. would (not) have done…..要不是……., 某人早就……(表示虚拟语气)=If it had not been for…..,……./ If there had not been ……., ……..

22.    It won(’t) be long before +从句(从句中用一般现在时)不久/很久就要…….

 It was (not) long before+从句(从句中用一般过去时)不久/很久才……..

23.    Those who………….(从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式).

 Anyone who…………= Whoever………..(从句及主句中谓语动词用单数形式)

24…….主句(一般现在时或过去时)…...when从句….(might / should do 或might / should have done) 表示”对比”,意思为 “本该……(可)而却”,主句中为陈述语气,从句里为虚拟语气,如:

Why are you here when you should be in school?你本该上学的怎么在这儿?

He stopped trying when he might have succeeded .本该已成功了他却停止努力了.

25.    There is ./ Sb. have no doubt that………(同位语从句,that不可省略)

There is / Sb. have some doubt whether……..(同位语从句不可用if)

    Sb. doubt if / whether…….

 Sb. don’t doubt that………

26    . immediately / directly / instantly / the moment +从句

 on / upon + n. / doing

 No sooner had sb. done than …….(过去时)

 Hardly had sb. done  when……..(过去时)

注意:这几个结构都表示“一…….就”;

 

27.     every time / each time / the last time / the first time / next time +从句(名词性短语引导一个时间状语

句)

anywhere / everywhere +从句(相当于wherever引导的地点状语从句)

You can go anywhere you like.

Next time you come, please bring your son along.

28.If only / I  wish +从句(用过去类时态) 表示虚拟语气, “要是…….就好了” “但愿……就好了!”

29   .Considering + n. 或 pron. 或 that从句 / Seeing that……….考虑到/鉴于…….

Given + n. / pron作状语,表示 “在有……的情况下” “如果有” “假定”,有时也表示”考虑到”

Seeing (that) he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should help him now.

Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year.

Given their inexperience / that they are inexperienced, they’ve done a good job.

30.There was a time when…….曾经有那么一度……….

31.other than与no, not, none等否定词连用,表示肯定意思,如:

It was none other than Mr. Smith.这正是Smith先生.

32.   Not until…….did / do/ does / will sb. do……

It was / is not until ……that sb………

33.It’s (un) like sb. to do / to have done……做某事很像某人/ 做某事可不像某人

34.It remains to be seen Wh--words ……..是否…….还有待于看.(不用that, if作连接词)

35.It only remains for sb. to do……剩下的只是要某人做某事.

We’ve got everything ready. It only remains for you to come to dinner.

36.One moment……., and now………刚才一会儿还在做……而现在却……..

37.Not all / both / everyone………表示部分否定

38. Such is / are……..这(些)就是…….(谓语动词单复数由后面名词决定)

39.    I’d rather (not) do / have done……我宁愿…..

    I’d rather +从句(从句中用过去时或过去完成时)

40. It’s important / necessary / strange / surprising….+that……(用陈述语气或should do)

41. I like / hate / appreciate it that / when等从句 (it表示后面从句的这种情况)

I appreciate it if you will give me a hand.

42. By the time +从句(一般现在时/过去时),主句(将来完成时/过去完成时)

43………., as is often the case with sb. / as is usual with sb.(as引导非限制性定语从句)

44 in case / lest / for fear that…….(从句中用陈述语气或should do)

45.While置于句首可表示As long as 或 Although

While there is life there is hope.

While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones.

46.   can not ( never) ……too +adj. (adv. ) / adj. (adv.) + enough “越……越好”“非常”

   too + adj. ( anxious / eager / willing / ready / glad等)+to do….表示肯定意思

I can’t thank you enough.我非常感激你.

He was too glad to see his father.=He was very glad to see his father.

47. not / neve等表示否定的词与比较级连用表示最高级,如:

-----Do you agree with his suggestion? -------I can’t agree more.

48. What if……..要是…….怎么办?

What if he doesn’t come tomorrow?

49. more……..than与其…….不如……..

He is more nervous than frightened.   

50. It is / has been +一段时间+since从句(从句中如为延续性动词,则实际表示的意思相反)

It is two years since he drank.他不喝酒已两年了.

 

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