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2010年安徽高考英语试题详解(8)  

2010-07-02 09:40:44|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(安徽卷)

英语

第Ⅱ卷

       第四部分       写作(共两节,满分35分)

       第一节    任务型读写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

       阅读下面短文,根据所读内容在表格中的空白处填入恰当的单词。

       注意:每个空格只填一个单词。

       When difficult people express themselves orally, they generally want at least two things: they’ve been heard and they’ve been understood. As a good communicator should be a good listener, five steps are advocated toward good listening.

       The first step is cooperating(合作).How does a difficult person know that you’re listening and understanding? In fact, it’s through the way you look and sound while he is talking. You may help him to fully express his thoughts and feelings. You do this by nodding your head in agreement, making certain sounds of understanding.

       When the person begins to repeat what’s been said, it’s a signal of step two: turning back. It means that you repeat back some words he is using, sending a clear signal that you’re listening carefully and that you think what he is saying is important.

       Having heard what he has to say, the next step is clarifying. At this point, you start to gather information about what is being communicated. Ask same open-ended questions, which will allow you to figure out what intention he is hoping to satisfy.

       The fourth step is to summarize(概括)what you’ve heard. This allows you to make sure that both you and the difficult person are on the same page. When you do this, two things happen .First, if you’ve missed something, he can fill in the (细节).Second you’ve shown that you’re making an effort to understand completely. This increases possibility of gaining cooperation from him.

       Having listened carefully, you’ve now arrived at the point of confirming with the person that he feels satisfied that his thoughts have been fully voiced. Ask if he feels understood.

       When enough sincere listening, questioning, and remembering are brought together, understanding is usually achieved and a difficult person becomes less difficult and more cooperative.

Topic

(76)      to understand

Reason

Difficult people hope they have been heard and (77)    when they express themselves.

(78)____on listening

◆(79)     in agreement and make some sounds of understanding while a difficult person is speaking.

◆Repeat some(80)      that you have heard.

◆Collect information about the person’s expressions and find his(81)

       .

◆Give a(82)      of what the person has said.

◆Confirm that the person gains(83)       from speaking his thoughts.

Result

A difficult person will be (84)      to cooperate with if understanding is achieved.

 

Comment

You may unlock the doors to difficult people’s(85)   after you listen and understand

本文说的是遇到困难的人,他们想被人倾听,被人理解,然后介绍了五种好的倾听的步骤。所以,本文的话题是:Listen to understand.

76.主旨题。由第一段As a good communicator should be a good listener, five steps are advocated toward good listening.中的关键词listening得到答案。

77.细节题。由第一段they generally want at least two things: they’ve been heard and they’ve been understood.得到关键词understood。

78.段落大意题。由2、3、4、5、6段提供的建议可推知。也可由第一段five steps are advocated toward good listening.得到关键词steps(suggestions/tips/advice)

79.由第二段You do this by nodding your head in agreement, making certain sounds of understanding.得到关键词nodding。再根据80题句首用原形得到nod答案。

80.由第三段It means that you repeat back some words he is using, sending a clear signal that you’re listening carefully and that you think what he is saying is important.得到关键词及答案words。也可由When the person begins to repeat what’s been said,将句中关键词what分解为words that.

81.由第四段which will allow you to figure out what intention he is hoping to satisfy.得到关键词(答案)intention。

82.由第五段The fourth step is to summarize(概括)what you’ve heard.得到关键词summarize,再由题前的不定冠词a知用其名词形式为答案:satisfaction.

83.由倒数第二段you’ve now arrived at the point of confirming with the person that he feels satisfied that his thoughts have been fully voiced.得到关键词satisfied。再由题目前面的动词gains得到名词satisfaction为答案。

84.由最后一段understanding is usually achieved and a difficult person becomes less difficult and more cooperative.得到关键词less difficult,其意为easier,即答案。

85.总结评述:由题目句子信息:当你倾听并理解之后,你也许能打开遇到困难的人的心扉。故答案为hearts/minds.

 

       第二节    书面表达(满分25分)

       假如你将参加某英语杂志社开展的一次征文活动,征文的内容要求你在电视、手机(cell)和网络三者中,放弃其中一个并陈述理由。请你以“Which would you give up: the TV, cell, or Web?”为题,写一篇英语短文。

       注意:1.字数100左右;

1.       可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

 

One possible version

We are now living in an information age, in which TV, cells and the Web are widely used. It seems that many people cannot enjoy themselves without them.

  However, if I had to give up one of them, I would turn off the TV rather than switch off my cell or cut off the Internet. I could do without TV because few shows take my fancy and there are too many commercials. Besides, most programs on TV are also available elsewhere.

  As for cells and the Web, they are more necessary to me. I need a cell to keep in touch with my friends and family, and almost all information can be gathered on the Internet.

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