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2010年安徽高考英语试题详解(4)  

2010-06-20 11:54:04|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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第三部分  阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

 The engineer Camillo Olivetti was 40 years old when he started the company in 1908. At his factory in lvrea, he designed and produced the first Italian typewriter. Today the company’s head office is still in Ivrea, near Turin, but the company is much larger than it was in those days and there are offices all around the world.

By 1930 there was a staff of 700 and the company turned out 13,000 machines a year. Some went to customers in Italy, but Olivetti exported more typewriters to other countries.

Camilllo’s son, Adriano, started working for the company in 1924 and later he became the boss. He introduced a standard speed for the production line and he employed technology and decision specialists. The company developed new and better typewriters and the calculators(计算器).In 1959 it produced the ELLA computer system. This was the first mainframe(主机)computer designed and made in Italy.

After Adriano died in 1960, the company had a period of financial problems. Other companies, especially the Japanese, made faster progress in electronic technology than the Italian company.

In 1978, Carlo de Benedetti became the new boss. Olivetti increased its marking and service networks and made agreements with other companies to design and produce more advanced office equipment. Soon it became one, of the world’s leading companies in information technology and communications. There are now five independent companies in the Olivetti group --- one for personal computers, one for other office equipment, one for systems and services, and two for telecommunications.

56. From the text we learn that__________.

A. by 1930 Olivetti produced 13,000 typewriters a year

B. Olivetti earned more in the 1960s than in the 1950s

C. some of Olivetti’s 700 staff regularly visited customers in Italy

D. Olivetti set up offices in other countries from the very beginning

57.What was probably the direct result of Olivetti’s falling behind in electronic technology?

A. Adriano’s death.              B.A period of financial problem

C. its faster progress             D. Its agreements with other companies

58.What do we know about Olivetti ?

A. It produced the best typewriter in the word.

B. It designed the word’s first mainframe computer.

C. It exported more typewriter than other computer.

D. It has five independent companies with its head office in lvrea.

59. The best title for the text would be___________.

A. The Origin of Olivetti                    B. The Success of Olivetti

C. The History of Olivetti                   D. The Production of Olivetti

解析:

56.A.细节题。由第二段:By 1930 there was a staff of 700 and the company turned out 13,000 machines a year.得到答案。由第一段:Today the company’s head office is still in Ivrea, near Turin, but the company is much larger than it was in those days and there are offices all around the world.是现在而不是最初,排除D.由第二段:Some went to customers in Italy, but Olivetti exported more typewriters to other countries.可知,some,是指打字机,而不是员工,排除C.由第四段:After Adriano died in 1960, the company had a period of financial problems.可知,20世纪60年代遇到了经济问题,所以不可能比50年代挣钱多,排除B.

57.B.判断题。由第四段:After Adriano died in 1960, the company had a period of financial problems. Other companies, especially the Japanese, made faster progress in electronic technology than the Italian company.可知,Adriano死后,公司出现了经济问题,在电子技术方面超过了意大利公司,尤其是日本人(的公司)。所以落后的原因是出现了经济问题。

58.D.细节题。由最后一段:There are now five independent companies in the Olivetti group --- one for personal computers, one for other office equipment, one for systems and services, and two for telecommunications.得到答案,A,B,C在文中没有依据。

59.C.主旨判断题。文章从Olivetti创办开始介绍,直至现在公司的情况,所以是Olivetti的历史。

(欢迎指导)

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