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桃李不言,下自成蹊……

 
 
 

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高考阅读理解解题方法谈:  

2010-05-21 07:16:12|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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我个人认为,除了听力,阅读理解应该是高考题中容易得满分的题目了。很多中等水平的考生做阅读题时,总是抱怨:时间不够!是啊,5篇阅读理解,每篇阅读加答题的总共时间仅有7分钟,这还不能包括检查的时间。严格地说,每篇阅读理解要在6分钟内完成答题。有人说,读汉语文章尚且紧张,何况是外语呢?怎样在规定时间完成答题任务,做到少丢分,得满分呢?本人抛却理论上的阐述,就教学和阅读答题感受谈一谈,希望对你有所帮助。

  首先,清楚阅读理解题要检测阅读哪些方面的能力:

1)理解主旨要义;

2)理解文中具体信息;

3)根据上下文推断生词的词义;

4)作出简单判断和推理;

5)理解文章的基本结构;

6)理解作者的意图和态度。

  简单地说,阅读理解是要我们解决文中具体细节和根据有关信息进行总结,归纳,推理,判断的能力。一篇文章中有很多信息,但,我们需要解决问题的信息只有3—5个,也就是说,还有很多信息是我们不需要仔细了解的,你一直抱怨时间不够,是否花了很多时间到不该花的信息中去了呢?下面,桃李老师拿2009年阅读理解的A篇做个例子,看看我们需要多长时间来搞定:

 

1.       读题:(1-2分钟)

56. How will most people feel when you try hard to remember their names?
 A. They will be moved.                   B. They will be annoyed.
C. They will be delighted.                 D. They will be discouraged.

57. If you can't remember someone's name, you may __
     A. tell him the truth                       B. tell him a white lie
     C. ask him for pity                        D. ask others to help you

58. When you meet a group of people, it is better to remember __
     A. all their names                        B. a couple of names first
     C. just their last names                    D. as many names as possible

59. What does the text mainly tell us?
     A. Tips on an important social skill.         B. Importance of attending parties.
   C. How to make use of associations.         D. How to recite and repeat names.
做任何事都要明确目标,目标明确了,才知道自己该干什么,不干什么:通过题干的阅读,根据信息,我们知道:这篇阅读要我们解决4个问题:56.当你努力去记人名字的时候,大多数人有什么感觉?57.如果你记不住某人名字,你可以怎么做。58.当你遇到一群人,你最好怎么去记他们的名字?59.本文主要讲了什么?说实在的,看了上面3个问题,59题根本就不需要再读文章,答案已经很明显了:给我们建议呀!

 

2.到文中找依据,确定答案:(3-4分钟)

A

  Remembering names is an important social skill. Here are some ways to master it.59

Recite and repeat in conversation.

  When you hear a person’s name, repeat it. Immediately say it to yourself several times without moving your lipsYou could also repeat the name in a way that does not sound forced or artificial
    Ask the other person to recite and repeat

    You can let other people help you remember their names
After you’ve been introduced to someoneask that person to spell the name mad pronounce it correctly for youMost people will be pleased by the effort you’re making to learn their names.(56
    Admit you don’t know

    Admitting that you can’t remember someone’s name can actually make people relaxed
.(57Most of them will feel sympathy if you say“I’m working to remember names betterYours is right on the tip of my tongueWhat is it again?”
    Use associations

    Link each person yon meet with one thing you find interesting or unusual
For exampleyou could make a mental note: "Vicki Cheng -- tall, black hair. " To reinforce you’re your associations, write them on a small card as soon as possible.
     Limit the number of new names you learn at one time.
     When meeting a group of people, concentrate on remembering just two or three names.
58Free yourself from remembering every one. Few of the people in mass introductions expect you to remember their names. Another way is to limit yourself to learning just first names. Last names can come later.
     Go early.
     Consider going early to conferences, parties and classes. Sometimes just a few people show up on time. That's fewer names for you to remember. And as more people arrive, you can hear them being introduced to others -- an automatic review for you.
 
看到了吗?浏览文章,带着你要的信息到文章中定位,根据细节确定答案。你要什么信息?有多少信息是你不需要的?记住:看阅读理解是为了解决你的问题的,不是在欣赏名著,要不然,一篇还没看完就要交卷咯……

 

2.       检查:(1分钟以内)把题干和你作出的选项结合起来看一遍,看看是否合情合理,浑然天成。

窥一斑而知全豹,呵呵,法无定法,万法皆空,但愿我的赘述能让你得到你自己的最佳解题方法呀!

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