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老徐侃高考英语  

2010-05-20 09:49:35|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2010年的高考又到了,考前老师都有猜题的习惯,我也来侃侃今年高考的英语单选,希望我不是在浪费你的时间,更希望能为你多挣几分。

 

1.       名词:安徽08年名词考了:根据语境,对sky, life, arts, voices 进行辨析;09年考的是根据搭配从reputation influence, impression, knowledge中做出选择。可见,考名词一要注意语境,二要注意搭配。当然,一些常识性的知识一定要具备,比如,抽象名词具体化:Failure is the mother of success.He is a failure in the game.另外,注意fun 这个词,只能说He is fun./To look after children is fun.切不可说a fun.

 

2.代词:09年没有考代词,08年考了:根据语境从little, much, some, none中作出选择:The two girls are getting on very well and share _ much _ with each other.看到了吗?语境很重要!2010年要考代词会考什么呢?我认为some it 是有内容的:Some are singing, others are dancing.

Some Li is waiting for you.

She gained some 25 pounds in weight during pregnancy.

下面这个习惯用语要用it, 你会吗?

I hate it when people speak with their mouth full.

 

3.冠词:08年没考,09年考了:We can never expect_a_bluer sky unless we create _a_less polluted world. 考的是常识:泛指,特指的问题。如果今年再考冠词的话,可能会在零冠词上做文章,如:Ten years passed, John turned engineer, while Peter remained an ordinary worker./ Ten years passed, John became an engineer, while Peter remained an ordinary worker.还有冠词的位置问题也是很有讲究的。

 

4.数词:最近两年都没考数词,今年要是考数词,会考什么呢?我认为倍数表示法要熟悉,因为这方面会考出语境和内容:1.一倍:once;  二倍:twice;   三倍:three times ……

2A.B的四倍长、深、高(AB长、深、高三倍):

A is four times as long/deep/high…as B.

A is four times the length/depth/height…of B

A is four times longer/deeper/higher…than B.(AB大四倍长、深、高)

记住:先把倍数说出来,前面还可以有修饰语呃。

 

5.介词:说到介词会给人浩瀚的感觉,不过介词有介词的用法规律,有时候越是不着边际的东西越简单,介词总是讲究搭配的,当你一头雾水的时候,看看前面的动词,再瞧瞧后面的名词,体会一下语境,你会发出会心的微笑。08年考了:Fred entered without knocking and, very out of breath, sank _into_ a chair.你看,这个into不孤立吧,结合语境:very out of breath,看看前面的sink,再看看后面的chair,是不是非它莫属呢?2010年高考会考哪个介词?我不知道!不过,我知道,只要重语境,看搭配,你绝对能选出正确答案。

 

6.情态动词:08年没考,09年考了一题:Some people who don’t like to talk much are not necessarily shy; they _may_just be quiet people.主要检测情态动词用于推测。情态动词还有哪些敏感的用法呢?窃以为,may as well:还是。。。好We may as well stay where we are.我们留在现在的地方倒也不错,是个不错的考点。“Why/How + should”:对某事不能理解,感到意外惊异:“竟会”Why should you be so late today?你今天怎么来的这么晚?是不是也有点意思啊?

 

7.形容词与副词:两年都考了。08----- Hi, Mark. How was the musical evening?

   ----- Excellent! Ales and Andy performed ____ and they won the firs prize.

  A. skillfully          B. commonly       C. willingly           D. nervously

09---Do you think it’s a good idea to make friends with your students?

---___, I do. I think it’s a great idea.

A. Really   B. Obviously   C. Actually    D. Generally

从这两年考副词来看,词本身意义的区别很容易,都是靠语境来解决的。2010年还会考吗?我怪喜欢这个考点的:I can’t agree any more.(否定的比较级表示肯定的最高级的意思)。还有:You can never be too careful.(你再仔细都不为过。)否定之否定就是肯定啊。

 

8.简单句:09年考了个there be 句型:__a certain doubt among the people as to the practical value of the project.

A. It has     B. They have     C. It remains      D. There remains

在简单句里面,倒装是个好考点,可以把主谓一致,省略,时态,语态,语气放到一起考,出题的伸缩性大。你喜欢这个知识点吗?In this chapter will be found the answers to those questions.

 

9.定语从句:08年考了All the neighbors admire this family, _________the parents are treating their child like a friend.

   A. why             B. where          C. which           D. that

09年也考了Many children, _____parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village.

A. their    B. whose     C. of them     D. with whom

单不单,一连三,看来2010年,安徽还会考定语从句,考什么呢?考这句里只能用that的关系词?Shanghai is no longer the city_ that _ it used to be.没意思,为考而考。还是考考as在限制性定语从句和非限制性定语从句中的基本用法吧:Such people as you described are thought to be fools nowadays./ As is known to all, Edison invented telephone. = Edison invented the telephone, as is known to all.

 

10.名词性从句:08年没考,09年单选我最喜欢的就是这题27.A good friend of mine from __I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing.

A. how    B. whom     C. when     D. which

好像没多少人说它是考名词性从句,我认定是的。from是介词吗?当然。那when I was born 不就是宾语从句了嘛!这里不就是考连接副词when引导的(介词from的)宾语从句吗?!名词性从句我还是对“同位语从句与定语从句的区别”比较感兴趣,你也能区别它们吗:The news that our team won the match is true./The news that/which/0 he told me is true. 其实,名词性从句也就是个连接词,还有个形式主语的问题,清楚了,就无大碍。

 

11.状语从句:09年没考,08年考了一题:-----Do you have a minute? I’ve got something to tell you.

                                -----Ok, ______ you make it short.

   A. now that          B. if only          C. so long as         D. every time

考的是条件状语从句的连词。考从句一般是从两大方面入手:一是连词。你知道:suppose supposing (假设), provide thatseeing that considering thatimmediately, directly, the moment, the minute这些连词吗?二是时态问题。比如条件状语从句和时间状语从句要用一般时表示将来等。我还是比较喜欢beforesince的:It is(has been) +时间段+since…/It was(will be)+时间段+before…/才:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.不到……就……:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.

…: Please write it down before you forget it.

 

12.强调句:这两年还真的没考强调句,不过你要是对下面句型的变换运用自如,强调句应该没有问题了:It was in the park that Tom lost his watch./Was it in the park that Tom lost his watch? /Where was it that Tom lost his watch? / He didn’t go to bed until ten o’clock./It was not until ten o’clock that he went to bed./Not until ten o’clock did he go to bed.

 

13.省略:09年没考,08年考了:-----Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday?

   ----- Yes. _______, I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city.

   A. If ever          B. If busy            C. If anything       D. If possible

是条件句的省略。语言历来都是讲究精炼的,应该说在交际的语言中处处都有省略现象。我在想,2010年可能会把省略放在虚拟语气中考,同时考交际,虚拟和省略。If it should rain tomorrow, we would not go climbing.Should it rain tomorrow, we would not go climbing.不定式中的省略也要熟练呃。

 

14.倒装与主谓一致:说到这儿,我感觉到,很多考点并不是只考某一点的,倒装,主谓一致,时态语态…可以一锅煮,值得提醒的是,读懂句义,读出语境是重要的:Between the two windows hangs a picture.

 

15.虚拟语气:09年考了:But for their help, we ____the program in time.

A. can not finish                   B. will not finish

C. had not finished                 D. could not have finished

考的是含蓄虚拟语气。今年要考,看来会放到从句中考,比如,表语从句中:My idea is that we should think it over before accepting it. 还有错综虚拟,如:If you had studied hard before, you would be a college student now, and you would graduate from a college in four years’ time.怎么样?考点跑不了了吧!

 

16.动词词义:动词当然是每年必考的一个大考点,辨别词义是一个方面。08年考的是:-----Are you happy with your new computer?

   ----- No, it is _______ me a lot of trouble.

   A. showing       B. leaving        C. giving         D. sparing

记住,当你在意义上感到困难时,一定要看看词的前后是否可以构成一个搭配。这一题当你看到trouble时,是否想到give sb troulbe意思是给某人添麻烦呢?borrow trouble自找麻烦;cause trouble引起麻烦;make trouble制造麻烦;spare sb further trouble不再麻烦某人。记住搭配很重要!09年考的是“小词大义”,这是我自己取得名字,就是你很熟悉的一个词,他可能有着你没在意的意思。这要靠你平时的积累,再一个就是根据语境,采取排除法解答:Just as Professor Scotti often___it, success is ninety-nine percent mental attitude.

A. gets    B. makes     C. puts     D. means

你知道putssay/express的意思吗?

 

17.动词词组:08年考的是:Don’t be so discouraged. If you ________such feelings, you will do better next time.

   A. carry on       B. get back       C. break down      D. put away

09年考的是:

We tried to find a table for seven, but they ere all ____.

A. given away    B. kept away    C. taken up    D. used up

剩下这几天,看动词的时候,多看看词组,多读读例句,跟着感觉走比较好。为什么这么说呢?语言这东西不像数学,无法求证,只能是习惯和感觉,我们说Good Morning是绝对不会去想它是“好早上”,习惯了呗!至于2010年考那几个动词词组,God knows!

 

18.动词时态语态:08年时态语态放在一起考的:I like these English songs and they ________many times on the radio.

   A. taught         B. have taught         C. are taught        D. have been taught

09年直接考时态的:Daniel’s family ___their holiday in Huangshan this time next year.

A. are enjoying    B. are to enjoy   C. will enjoy    D. will be enjoying

今年考一个过去进行时的被动态怎么样?The last time I went back to my hometown, a big power station was being built there.不过,在语态方面,考主动表示被动的可能性比较大:My raincoat is hanging behind the door.

 

19.非谓语动词:这也是每年必考的一个大考点。08年考了现在分词作伴随状语:_______ in the fields on a March afternoon, he could feel the warmth of spring.

   A. To walk.        B. Walking       C. Walked          D. Having walked

09年考了不定式的被动态作定语:The play ____next month aims mainly to reflect the local culture.

A. produced                     B. being produced      

C. to be produced                D. having been produced

我要是出2010年的卷子,要出这样一道题:____and I will tell you the secret!

                           A. Come   B. Coming   C. To come   D. Came

对了,这不能选非谓语动词,要选谓语动词A。我是要你弄清楚什么时候用非谓语动词,不能马虎呃!非谓语动词里的独立主格结构好像有些日子没考了,把这个句型送给你吧:Generally speaking, the more expensive the stereo, the better it is. 一般说来,立体声音响越贵越好。

 

20.交际用语:说实话,语言都是用来交际的,所以,任何考点都是考交际,不过,这里说的是狭义的,是对话。08年考了:-----Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday?

                             ----- Yes. _______, I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city.

   A. If ever          B. If busy        C. If anything       D. If possible

09年考了:--Could you be so kind as to close the window?

           --____.

A. With pleasure   B. Go ahead   C. Yes, please   D. That’s OK.

你要问我,2010年考什么对话,不知道。不过,考交际要注意的几点很重要:读出语境,理清逻辑关系,注重英语语言的文化特点,不要选择汉语式的直接问答的答案。

对单选说的不少了,意犹未尽,不敢耽误你们太多时间,还是打住吧。对于其他部分,还想侃侃,不知是否有人向我扔砖头……

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