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高考完形填空系列(42)  

2009-03-28 16:11:49|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2005年高考英语完形填空真题详解·辽宁卷

 

Scott and his companions were terribly disappointed. When they got to the South Pole, they found the Norwegians(挪威人) had ___36___ them in the race to be the first ever to reach it. After ___37___ the British flag at the Pole, they took a photograph of themselves ___38___ they started the 950-mile journey back.

The journey was unexpectedly ___39___ and the joy and excitement about the Pole had gone out of them. The sun hardly ___40___. The snow storms always made it impossible to sight the stones they had ___41___ to mark their way home. To make things ___42___. Evans, whom they had all thought of ___43___ the strongest of the five, fell badly into a deep hole in the ice. Having ___44___ along for several days, he suddenly fell down and died.

The four who were ___45___ pushed on at the best speed they could ___46___. Captain Oates had been suffering for some time from his ___47___ fact; at night his feet swelled(肿胀) so large that he could ___48___ put his boots on the next morning, and he walked bravely although he was in great ___49___. He knew his slowness was making it less likely that ___50___ could save themselves. He asked them to leave him behind in his sleeping-bag, but they refused, and helped him ___51___ a few more miles, until it was time to put up the ___52___ for another night.

The following morning, ___53___ the other three were still in their sleeping-bags, he said. “I am just going outside and may be ___54___ some time.” He was never seen again. He had walked out ___55___ into the snow storm, hoping that his death would help his companions.

36. A. hit                  B. fought                  C. won                     D. beaten

37. A. growing          B. putting                 C. planting                D. laying

38. A. after               B. until                     C. while                   D. before

39. A. safe                B. fast                      C. short                    D. slow

40. A. rose                B. set                        C. appeared               D. disappeared

41. A. taken up          B. cut up                   C. set up                   D. picked up

42. A. easier              B. better                   C. bitter                    D. worse

43. A. to                   B. upon                    C. as                        D. in

44. A. battled            B. struggled              C. speeded                D. waited

45. A. left                 B. lost                      C. defeated               D. saved

46. A. manage           B. try                       C. employ                 D. find

47. A. ached              B. frozen                  C. harden                  D. harmed

48. A. hardly             B. never                    C. seldom                 D. nearly

49. A. pain                B. fear                      C. trouble                 D. danger

50. A. all others         B. some others           C. others                   D. the others

51. A. away              B. with                     C. off                       D. on

52. A. bed                 B. tent                      C. blanket                 D. sleeping-bag

53. A. while              B. since                    C. for                       D. once

54. A. missed            B. separated              C. passed                  D. gone

55. A. patiently         B. lonely                   C. alone                    D. worriedly

【答案与解析】

本篇文章描述人们到南极探险的故事,五个英国人顺利到达南极,当他们返回时却遇到恶劣天气,使他们处境艰难。

36. D。英国人以为他们是最早到达南极的人,没想到在这场比赛中他们输给了挪威人。beat sb 指“击败某人”。

37. C。因为南极地区被冰雪覆盖,在上面插上国旗很不容易,且南极风很大,所以用plant较合适。plant 除表示“种植”外,还可表示“牢牢安置”“牢固地固定在一个位置上”。

38. D。根据常理,肯定是在插好国旗之后返回之前拍照留念,故用before。

39. D。根据下文可知,因为暴风雪的原因,归程很艰难,并且他们所做的回程标志也不见了,因此返程速度很慢。

40. C。因为一直下着暴风雪,所以太阳难得一见。

41. C。指暴风雪使他们无法找到回程标志——他们在去时竖立的石头。set up 指“设立”“竖立”“架起”。

42. D。to make things worse是固定短语,其意为“更糟糕的是”。

43. C。think of…as…是习语,其意为“认为……是……”“把……看作……”。

44. B。Evans 掉进了一个冰洞,他肯定要想办法挣扎着要出来,故用struggle 最合适。

45. A。be left指“剩下的”。一共五个人,已经死了一个,故剩下四人。

46. A。manage指设法做成某事。其他三项的意思是:try 试图,设法;employ雇佣;find找到,发现。

47. B。因为当时下着暴风雪,并且下文又说 Oates 的脚在晚上肿胀得很大,由此可知,他的脚当时是冰伤了。

48. A。此处的意思是,Oates的脚肿得很厉害,以至于几乎不能穿靴子。

49. A。Oates的脚肿得很厉害,以至于几乎不能穿靴子,这说明他当时in great pain。

50. D。此处说的是,Oates若因脚伤走不快,就会影响到其他三个人的自救。the others指这四个人中除Oates外的其他三个人,其中的the表特指。

51. D。on在此表示“继续向前”的意思。又如:They moved on to the next city. 他继续赶往一个城市。

52. B。指他们晚上搭起帐篷过夜。注意,不能选sleeping-bag,因为其前的动词是 put up。

53. A。指当其他三人还在睡袋中睡觉的时候,Oates打了个招呼就一个人出去了。while 表示“当……的时候”。

54. D。指要离开一会儿。

55. C。他一个人独自(alone)出去,希望不拖累其他同伴。

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