登录  
 加关注
查看详情
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

xyb20999的博客

桃李不言,下自成蹊……

 
 
 

日志

 
 

高考完形填空系列(24)  

2009-03-28 15:46:24|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

2004年高考英语完形填空真题详解·上海卷

 

A

Adults are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as children but have never practised in the meantime. A man who has not had an opportunity to go swimming for years can ___55___ swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after several decades and still ___56___ away. A mother who has not ___57___ the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” or recite the story of Cinderella or Snow White.

One explanation is the law of over learning, which can be stated as following: ___58___ we have learned something, additional learning increases the ___59___ of time we will remember it.

In childhood, we usually continue to practise such skills as swimming, bicycle riding long after we have learned them. We continue to listen to and ___60___ ourselves of poems such as “Twinkle, twinkle, little star and childhood tales such as Cinderella or Snow White. We not only learn but ___61___.

The law of over learning explains why cramming(突击学习) for an examination, ___62___ it may result in a passing grade, is not a ___63___way to learn a school course. By cramming, a student may learn the subject well enough to get by on the examination, but he is likely soon to forget almost everything he learned. A little over learning; ___64___, is usually a good investment toward the future.

55. A. only               B. hardly                  C. still                      D. even

56. A. move              B. drive                    C. travel                   D. ride

57. A. thought about  B. cared for               C. showed up            D. brought up

58. A. Before            B. Once                    C. Until                    D. Unless

59. A. accuracy         B. unit                      C. limit                    D. length

60. A. remind            B. inform                  C. warn                    D. recall

61. A. recite              B. overlearn              C. research                D. improve

62. A. though            B. so                        C. if                         D. after

63. A. convenient      B. demanding            C. satisfactory           D. swift

64. A. at most           B. by the way           C. on the other hand  D. in the end

 

B

The birthrate in Europe has been in a steady decrease since the 1960s. European countries, realizing crisis is at hand, are providing great encouragement for parents to create more babies in the 21st century.

Affairs Ministry concluded last year that, ___65___ cash encouragement, some women just don’t want to be ___66___ holding the baby. “What we know is that it’s good for the ___67___ if men and women share the burden of having children, says Soren Kindlund, family policy adviser at the Swedish ministry. ___68___ Swedish parents can take their paid leave as they wish, men use a mere 12% of it; 60% of fathers do not take even a(n)___69___ day off work.

Experts fear that the tendency for women to use most of the parental leave could make employers___70___ to give young women the permanent jobs they need to qualify for paid maternity leave(产假). In January, Sweden decided to allow new fathers two months paid leave, with a warning: use it or___71___ it.

Kindlund admits that men are under ___72___ to stay at work, even though parental pay comes out of the public purse. “It’s not popular among bosses and perhaps with other men in the workplace, he says. “But it’s good for the father and for the child if they can ___73___ a relationship. ”

In Norway, a(n)___74___ policy has worked wonders. 70% of dads in Norway now take parental leave, and the birthrate of 1. 85 children per woman is one of the highest in Europe.

65. A. in spite of       B. at the cost of         C. in addition to        D. due to

66. A. sent                B. left                       C. caught                  D. seen

67. A. birthrate          B. income                 C. health                   D. spirit

68. A. Just as            B. Only if                 C. Even though         D. Now that

69. A. one                 B. mere                    C. only                     D. single

70. A. willing            B. reluctant               C. likely                   D. unable

71. A. reserve            B. misuse                  C. ignore                  D. lose

72. A. discussion       B. attack                   C. control                 D. pressure

73. A. make out         B. add up                  C. build up               D. set aside

74. A. impersonal      B. similar                  C. severe                  D. global

【答案与解析】

55. C。这里所举的例子是为了证明第一句的论点,所以用still表示他还是和小时候一样会游泳。

56. D。ride away是骑走的意思。

57. A thought about “思考,考虑”;care for“喜爱”;show up“出现、露面”;bring up“抚育孩子或呕吐”,选项中与记忆有关的只有A。

58. B。由前后两句的语意知两句间是条件关系,once可以做连接副词引导条件状语从句,意思是“一旦”。

59. B。length of time的意思是“时间的长度”。

60. A。remind somebody of something为固定词组,意思是“提醒某人某件事”;inform somebody of something表示“通知某人某件事”;warn somebody of something表示“警告某人某件事”;recall不和介词of搭配,由语境知答案A正确。

61. B。由本段第一句知此空填overlearn,与第一句呼应。

62. A。本段作者在批判突击式学习的缺点前先让一步说一下其作用,因此选though,在这里引导让步状语从句。

63. C。由下文作者介绍突击学习的不当之处可以看出,突击学习不是令人满意的学习方法。

64. C。最后一段介绍了两种学习方法。第一种是突击性学习方法的不当之处,然后作者转而谈到另外一种方法,因此,选择C项。

65. A。由下句“妇女仍然不愿在家照看孩子”可知,这里应选择表示让步关系的in spite of;at the cost of的意思是“以牺牲……的代价”;in addition to指“除……以外”;due to的意思是“因为”。

66. B。这里指丈夫们去工作之后,妻子们被留在家里照看孩子。

67. A。照看孩子的工作是繁重的,如果男女共同来分担这项工作的话,或许妻子们愿意生更多的孩子,那么对提高人口出生率而言是好的。

68. C。从下文丈夫们不愿利用带薪假期看,这里使用了表示转折关系的连接词。

69. D。此处使用single来强调时间的少。其他三个选项前面不能加不定冠词。

70. B。妇女使用产假这种趋势有可能会产生老板们不情愿让年轻妇女做长期工作的后果。表示否定意义的有B、D项,D项表示“没有能力”与题意不合。

72. D。既然是警告,那么语气是严厉的:要么休假,要么取消休假;reserve表示“保留”;misuse指“滥用”;ignore指“忽略”。

71. D。under pressure指“承爱压力”;under discussion指“在讨论中”,under attack指“遭受袭击”;under control指“在……的控制之中”。

73. C。build up和relationship搭配的意思是“建立关系”;make out表示“辨别出”;add up指“合计、总计”;set aside表示“把……放在一边”。

74. B。从下文挪威70%的父亲休产假来看,挪威采取了和瑞典相似的政策,所以人口出生率在欧洲是最高的。impersonal“无人情味的”;severe“严厉的”;global“全球化的”。

  评论这张
 
阅读(223)| 评论(0)

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2018