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高考完形填空系列(23)  

2009-03-28 15:44:56|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2004年高考英语完形填空真题详解·北京卷

 

Don’t Take the Fun Out of Youth Sports

When I joined a private football league a few years ago, the sport meant everything to me. My coach(教练) said that I had lots of potential(潜力), and I became captain of my ___36___. That was before all the fun was taken out of ___37___.

At first, everyone on the team got ___38___ playing time. Then the team moved up to the top division after winning all its games, and the ___39___ started. Some parents, who had paid the coach extra so their daughters could have ___40___one-on-one training, got angry when she didn’t give them more playing time in our ___41___. The coach was replaced.

The new coach, however, took all the fun out of the game. All we did during practice was ___42___. I always wished to God that it would rain so we would not have the ___43___. Of course, all teams run drills; they are ___44___. But we ran so much that, afterwards, we had trouble ___45___. Younger people shouldn’t be doing exercises ___46___ for 18-year-olds.

I was very thin ___47___ I started football, but as a member of this team I wouldn’t eat much, because I was afraid of being too ___48___ to run. I feared making mistakes, and the added pressure caused me to make more than my usual ___49___.

Is all this pressure necessary? I ___50___ up leaving the football team. Four other girls did the same, and two of them stopped playing football completely. That’s ___51___, because they had so much potential. They were just burned-out with all the pressure they ___52___ from the coach or their parents.

I continued playing football at school and ___53___ my love for it. I joined a private team coached by my school coach. When I started playing ___54___ him, he told me I needed to relax because I looked nervous. After I ___55___ down, I played better. When you enjoy something, it’s a lot easier to do it well.

36. A. class               B. club                     C. team                    D. board

37. A. playing           B. living                   C. learning                D. working

38. A. great               B. equal                    C. right                    D. extra

39. A. business          B. struggle                C. attempt                 D. pressure

40. A. free                B. private                  C. good                    D. basic

41. A. matches          B. courses                 C. lessons                 D. programs

42. A. jump              B. play                     C. run                      D. shoot

43. A. duty               B. meeting                C. operation              D. training

44. A. necessary        B. boring                  C. scientific              D. practical

45. A. speaking         B. moving                 C. sleeping                D. breathing

46. A. used               B. intended               C. made                    D. described

47. A. till                  B. since                    C. before                  D. because

48. A. full                 B. tired                     C. lazy                     D. big

49. A. size                B. share                    C. space                    D. state

50. A. gave               B. kept                     C. ended                   D. picked

51. A. sad                 B. shameful               C. silly                     D. serious

52. A. received          B. suffered                C. brought                D. felt

53. A. reconsidered    B. rediscovered          C. reformed              D. replaced

54. A. at                   B. by                        C. for                       D. around

55. A. fell                 B. stepped                 C. slowed                 D. calmed

【答案与解析】

36. C。由第一段第一句知作者参加的是一个足球队,球队用team,captain of my team“球队队长”。

37. A。由选项和第一段的内容可知需要填一个动名词与football搭配,

38. B。从本段倒数第二句“有些家长想让教练多给自己的孩子一些上场的时间”可反推出刚开始大家的机会均等。

39. D。pressure“压力”。下文讲了来自父母、教练的压力,从第五段第一句和最后一句也可得到启示。

40. B。one-on-one training的意思是一对一的个别辅导,其主语their daughters,即那些给过教练好处的队员,private“私人的,个人的”比good“好的”更能体现这一层关系。

41. A。从their daughters could have private one-on-one training可知那些父母的孩子已经在训练中得到了更多的指导,所以那些父母不可能为训练生气,排除B 、C、D。

42. C。从该空后面的内容可推知他们的训练只是跑步。

43. D。这一段讲的是训练枯燥无味,所以“我”总是祈祷上帝下雨的目自然是中止训练。

44. A。由句前的Of course可知作者这里在承认跑步训练是必要的,也为下一句的转折呼应。

45. D。本句用的是so…that句型,表示结果,跑得太多的结果是上气不接下气。

46. B。非谓语动词做定语,be intended for“专门为……而设计”,意思是不应该让青少年进行适合成人的运动。

47. C。从句意上排除A、B、D三项。

48. A。这里考的是too…to…,“太饱而不能跑步”,这是作者不能多吃的原因。

49. B。share有分担的意思,这里指分内的事。

50. C。give up doing“放弃做某事”;keep up something“保持”;pick up something“拾起,学到”;end up“告终,结束”,因为各种压力作者最终不得不离开这支球队,C项最合适。

51. A。有潜力的队员却完全停止了踢球这是多么可惜的事。sad“令人悲伤的,令人难过的”;shameful“可耻的”;silly“傻的”;serious“严重的”,四个选项中sad最贴近文意。

52. D。这里需要填的是the pressure在从句中的谓语,从句的主语they指的是退役的队员,他们不是压力的带来者,排除C;正因为他们不愿意接受也受不了这种压力才选择离开,排除A;suffer后要加from。

53. B。reconsider“重新考虑”;rediscover“重新发现”;reform“改革”;replace“代替”。R这一段讲的就是作者如何重新找到对足球的喜爱的,所以选rediscover。

54. C。此题用排除法,by 和around都有在……旁边的意思,要选都要选,排除,play at后接游戏名,是做……游戏的意思,排除。

55. D 。calm down是镇定下来,平静下来,意思与教练的话相符。

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