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高考完形填空系列(10)  

2009-03-28 15:18:24|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2000年高考英语完形填空真题详解(北京春季卷)

 

My Experience in a Free School

At first I couldn’t believe it! There were no ___1___ in rows; no bells rang; no one had to go to ___2___. Although we all lived 搃n? ___3___ made us go to bed at a certain time; there was no 搇ights out?

The ___4___ thing was that practically all the students went to class, ___5___ very few people stayed up late at night. Only the new people stayed up or ___6___ class. The new ones always went wild ___7___, but this never lasted long. The ___8___ took some getting used to. Our teachers treated us like ___9___; never did we have to ___10___ “stand up”, “sit down”, “speak out”. I don’t ___11___ one student who didn’t try his best.

The subjects were the same as those in ___12___ school, but what a difference in the approach(方式)! For example, in botany(植物学) we had ___13___ classes in the spring or fall, but instead we ___14___ two gardens, a vegetable garden and a flower garden. ___15___ in winter we each studied a few ___16___ things about what we had grown. In math the students built three different kinds of storerooms ?small ones ___17___, but usable. They did this instead of having lessons in the classroom. They really had a ___18___ time too, designing everything, drawing the blueprints, ___19___ the angles(角度) and so on. I didn’t take ___20___. I can’t stand it! Besides, I could do the basic things with numbers. That’s ___21___!

___22___ I think I am a ___23___ person for having gone to the school. I can read and write as well as anyone else my age, and I can think better. That’s probably a real big ___24___ between the free school and regular school ?the amount of ___25___.

1. A. desks                B. lights                    C. students                D. buildings

2. A. home                B. bed                      C. class                     D. work

3. A. anybody           B. nobody                 C. teachers                D. parents

4. A. sad                   B. last                       C. good                    D. strange

5. A. and                  B. but                       C. so                        D. yet

6. A. attended            B. took                     C. missed                  D. studied

7. A. from then on     B. at first                  C. once more            D. just then

8. A. freedom            B. habit                    C. time                     D. people

9. A. workers            B. pupils                   C. gardeners              D. grown-ups

10. A. understand      B. study                    C. play                     D. say

11. A. hear from        B. feel like                C. think about           D. know of

12. A. night              B. regular                 C. small                    D. real

13. A. all                  B. short                    C. no                        D. indoor

14. A. planted           B. studied                 C. drew                    D. toured

15. A. Still                B. Then                    C. Yet                      D. Next

16. A. wild               B. successful             C. usual                    D. particular

17. A. as well            B. after a whileC. of course                        D. as a result

18. A. funny             B. great                    C. convenient            D. thoughtful

19. A. looking out     B. taking out             C. finding out           D. figuring out

20. A. math               B. care                      C. botany                  D. notice

21. A. dull                B. interesting             C. enough                 D. dangerous

22. A. On the whole   B. Once again            C. Sooner or later      D. After a while

23. A. careful            B. better                   C. busier                   D. lovely

24. A. problem          B. chance                  C. difference             D. change

25. A. reading           B. gardening             C. teaching               D. thinking

【答案与解析】

本文讲述了“我”在一所 free school 的经历。free school 与一般学校不同:教室里没有成排的桌椅,没有上课的铃声,学生可以不必在教室上课,也不必按时就寝…总之,free school 充分体现 free。但是令“我”意想不到的是,那儿的学生却非常自觉。

1. A。根据常识和题目中提到的 free school以及空格后的in rows,可知答案选A。

2 C。由于学校一切都很 free,不仅没有上课的铃声,而且也没有人要求学生一定要去上课(go to class)。

3. B。根据前面几句的句意和句子结构可知答案选 B。

4. D。在一般人看来,在如此 free 的学校里,学生一定会为所欲为,但事实完全不是那样,所以作者这是件很“奇怪的”(strange)事。(注:本句中的 practically 意为“几乎”)

5. A。and 表并列关系。

6. C。作者在此将新生与老生作了个对照:老生按时上课和就寝,而有的新生则熬夜(即不按时就寝)和缺课(miss class)。

7. B。根据其后的 but this never lasted long 可知此处应填 at first(起初)。

8. A。指学生需要一定的时间来适应 free school 里的这种特殊的“自由”(freedom)。此句也可说成 It took the students some time to get used to the freedom。

9. D。一般情况下,老师都把学生当孩子看待,但这里的老师却把学生当作grown-ups(成年人)看待——这也是 free school 与一般学校不同的地方。

10. C。比较四个选项,同时联系空格后用作宾语的 stand up, sit down, speak out,可知选 C 最佳。这里的 play 表示“做”,同时含有“表演”的意思。

11. D。比较四个短语的意思可知 D 最佳。

12. B。答案依据是文章最后一句…between the free school and the regular school。

13. C。/ 14. A。春秋两季不上植物课,取而代之去 …planted two gardens, a vegetable garden and a flower garden——这正是这所 free school 与一般学校不同之处。

15. B。then 表示时间顺序。即春秋先播种,然后冬天再研究所种植物。

16. D。particular 在此表示“特定的”。

17. C。在数学课上同学们学习建造储藏室——这当然(of course)是小房子而不是大房子。

18. B。had a great time 意为“过得愉快”。

19. D。figure out 意为“算出”。如:Please figure out the total cost. 请计算出总费用。

20. A。作者在文中介绍 free school 中的一般情况时,均用了主语 we,但在谈到 math 时,作者则说 In math the students built… / They did this… / They really had… 等,这说明作者把自己排除在学数学之外,故此题 A。I didn’t take math 的意思是“我没有选修数学”。

21. C。作者没有选修数学有两方面的原因:一是认为他受不了学数学过程中的设计、绘图、计算等烦琐事;二是认为只要会进行基本的数字运算,就够(enough)了。

22. A。on the whole(总的说来)在此表示概括和总结。

23. B。作者认为自己与同龄人一样能读会写,而且能 think better,所以他认为自己“更优秀”(better)。

24. C。这是在概括 free school 与 regular school 的区别。

25. D。由于作者与同龄人一样能读会写,而且能 think better,这说明 free school 与 regular school 的最大区别就在于 the amount of thinking。

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