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高考完形填空系列(4)  

2009-03-25 07:32:52|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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1993年高考英语完形填空真题详解

 

Jenlins was a jeweller, who had made a large diamond(钻石) ring worth 57,000 pounds for the Silkstone Jewellery Shop. When it was ready, he made a copy of it which looked ___1___ like the first one but was worth only 2,000 pounds. This he took to the shop, which ___2___ it without a question.

Jenkins gave the much more ___3___ ring to his wife for her fortieth birthday. Then, the husband and wife ___4___ to Paris for a weekend. As to the ___5___ ring, the shop sold it for 60,000 pounds.

Six months later the buyer ___6___ it back to Silkstone’s office. “It’s a faulty(有瑕疵的) diamond,” he said. “It isn’t worth the high ___7___ I paid.” Then he told them the ___8___. His wife’s car had caught fire in an ___9___. She had escaped(幸免), ___10___ the ring had fallen off and been damaged(损坏) in the great ___11___ of the fire.

The shop had to ___12___. They knew that no fire on earth can ___13___ damage a perfect diamond. Someone had taken the ___14___ diamond and put a faulty one in its place. The question was: who ___15___ it?

A picture of the ring appeared in the ___16___. A reader thought he ___17___ the ring. The next day, another picture appeared in the papers which ___18___ a famous dancer walking out to a plane for Paris. Behind the dancer there was a woman ___19___ a large diamond ring. “Do you know the ___20___ with the lovely diamond ring?” the papers asked their readers. Several months later, Jenkins was sentenced to seven years in prison.

1. A. only                 B. surely                   C. nearly                  D. exactly

2. A. accepted           B. received                C. refused                 D. rejected

3. A. real                  B. modern                 C. worthy                 D. valuable

4. A. flew                 B. drove                   C. sailed                   D. bicycled

5. A. first                  B. second                  C. last                      D. next

6. A. sold                  B. posted                  C. brought                D. returned

7. A. cost                  B. money                  C. price                    D. value

8. A. facts                 B. matters                 C. questions              D. results

9. A. affair                B. accident                C. incident                D. experience

11. A. pile                B. heat                      C. power                  D. pressure

12. A. think              B. agree                    C. permit                  D. promise

13. A. almost            B. even                     C. just                      D. ever

14. A. real                B. pure                     C. right                    D. exact

15. A. copied            B. made                    C. stole                     D. did

16. A. notices            B. magazines             C. newspapers           D. programmes

17. A. saw                B. knew                    C. found                   D. recognized

18. A. showed          B. drew                    C. printed                 D. carried

19. A. carrying         B. dressing                C. wearing                D. holding

20. A. dancer            B. woman                 C. reader                  D. jeweler

【答案与解释】

珠宝商 Jenkins 以假乱真,骗取价值连城的钻石戒指,后来假戒指遇火受损引出追查偷梁换柱者,最终 Jenkins 被抓获并被判刑。

1. D /2 A。为了达到以假乱真的目的,当然要使假品极像(exactly like)真品。也正因为是“极像”,所以店主才“毫无疑问地接受了它”(accepted it without a question)。

3. D。从含义上看,这里应填“更有价值”这样的意思,所以似乎 A、B 都行,但由于 worthy 表示“有价值”时往往含有反语意味(见《牛津现代高级英汉双 解词典》),故不宜选择。

4. A。从下文的“向飞机走去”这一语境,可知这里应是填 flew(飞)。

5. B。前文已告诉我们:这位珠宝商是先做了一个价值 57000 英镑的钻石戒指 (这是 the first one),后才照此做了个仿制品(这是 the second one)。

6. C。指戒指买主将遇火受损的次品戒指“带来”(brought)退货。

7. C。请注意该句中的 high, pay 这两个词,能与它们搭配且意义通顺的只有 price。

8. A。这里指陈述事情经过,即“事实”(facts)。

9. B。汽车起火,当然是出了“事故”(accident)。

10. C。在这次事故中,人幸免一死,而戒指却在火中受损,前后意思转折,所以选 but。

11. B。火毁戒指,自然是由于火之“高温”(heat)。

12. B。事实面前,店主不得不“承认”(agree)。

13. D。这里的 ever 意为“曾经”,注意其前的否定词 no,两者结合起来意为“未曾”,刚好合其语境。

14. A。这里的 real(真) 与下文的 faulty(假) 相对。

15. D。请注意:从语境上看,其后的 it 指的应该是 Someone had taken the real diamond and put a faulty one in its place 这件事, 而不是指 diamond ring 这个东西。所以要选 did 这个动词。

16. C。从常识上看,这里应是将戒指的照片登在“报纸”上,况且其后一行也有 in the papers 这样的暗示。

17. D。从语境上看,这里选 saw(见过)和 recognized(认出)这两个动词均可,但细心的考生会觉得若选 saw,则应用过去完成时态(had seen)才合逻辑。

18. A。这里的 showed 指的是“刊登”。

19. C。表示“带花(手表、项链、戒指等)”,均用动词 wear。

20. B。从前文可知,是一位“妇女”(women)带着一个大钻石戒指。

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