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任务型阅读答题攻略(1)  

2009-03-15 10:42:09|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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任务型阅读答题攻略(1)

    2009年,安徽省高考英语试题取消“改错题”,改设“任务型阅读题”。对于新生事物,笔者认为,一是处于摸索阶段,二是第一次出这类题不会太难,为此,笔者在高考前将对部分试题作些讲解,希望考生能从中找出一点解题技巧,将本题10分收于囊中。请看下题:

任务型阅读(一)

(选自2009年安徽省江南十校素质测试卷)

认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个单词。请将答案写在答题卡相应题号的横线上。

  High school students who, after graduation, would like to continue their education are frequently faced with many problems in financing

                                                      (76)

college training. Free education is not so wide-spread at the college

                                    (77)

level as at the elementary and secondary school levels. There is usually a charge for tuition. In addition, for most students, going to

                  (78)

college means living away from home, an expensive matter.

  What, then, can be done by a student who finds that he must help to finance himself if he is to extend his education beyond high school? There are several possibilities. Scholarships are sometimes available.

                  (79)       (80)

These are usually given partly on the basis of high grades. Therefore the day-to-day work in high school may be very important for determine one’s chances of help from this source. Another source of help is the college loan fund, which is established for the purpose of

           (81)

providing loans to worthy students. A third plan is that of working one’s way through school. Work may involve holding a part time job outside the college. Sometimes it means assisting professors in

                                    (82)

laboratory work, or office routine. Sometimes it means performing

                   (83)                           (84)

some services which the student body requires, such as helping in the

 

preparation and serving of meals, working in college stores, and the

  (85)

like,working one’s way through school

Problems of _76_college education

A.77.____free education at college level

B.78.____

C. Living away from home

79____of solving the problems

A. 80.____

B. college 81.____funds

C. work

(1) Outside college

(2)For professors

a. 82____professors in laboratory

b. Working in library

c. Carrying out 83____duties

(3) 84____school jobs

a.85.____and serving meals

b. Working in college stores

  本文用了两个自然段,第一段说了many problems in financing

                                                      (76)

college training;第二段说的是There are several possibilities to help

                                             (79)

to finance himself。因此,学生只要能把握文章结构,便能轻松解决76、79题。在many problems in financing college training 方面,文中讲了三点:Free education、a charge for tuition、以及living away from home。77题有难度,学生必须知道not so wide-spread as表明高校免费教育不像义务教育阶段那么普遍,但也没彻底否定,所以是little。78题简单明了。在several possibilities 方面,文中清楚地(80)Scholarships;(81)the college loan fund;(82)assisting professors in laboratory work;(83)office routine;84题,要求学生能归纳总结,除了上述possibilities 以外还有其它(other)一些school jobs,有一定的难度。85题,因为题设里用的是___and serving meals,为保持并列连词and前后形式一致,只需把名词 preparation 改为preparing 即可。

  纵观全部题设,不难看出,学生若要顺利解答任务型阅读题,一要做到,能把握文章结构,二要能根据题干,在原文中准确找出对应细节,比较题干与原文细节表达形式的不同,从而用出正确形式。第三,还要能根据题设,对原文进行归纳总结,用出恰当、概括性的词语。若能从以上三方面下手,此类题目便能迎刃而解。

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