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桃李不言,下自成蹊……

 
 
 

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高考英语语法讲座及练习(3)  

2009-02-24 18:26:12|  分类: 英语教学 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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介   词        

【要点点拨】

复习时要把握三点:

A. 要注意理解情景意义:同一介词可表达多种意义,同一场合意义不同则介词不同。

He hasn’t come for a month .(for 持续时间)

The day is warm for April .(for 就……而言)

B. 要突破几个关键介词in , on , at , with , by , from , of , to , for .

1 . 表示时间的:at; in ; on , since , from , to , after , within , during , throughout , towards , over , by , till ;

2 . 表示穿越的:through , across , over

3.表示地理位置的:in ; on; to ;

4. 表示原因、目的的:for ;with ; from ;

5. 表示关于的:about , concerning , regarding , with regard to , as for ,as to ;

6. 表示根据:on ; according to ;

7.  in the corner ;on the corner , at the corner 的区别

8.between 和among

9.besides ;except ; but ;except for

10.in 和with

C. 要注意介词搭配,集中归纳,反复练习。

1. 固定与to 构成搭配的名词:key , answer , visit , apology , introduction ,note , etc.

2. 与on 有关的:mercy , congratulations

3. 与at有关的:angry , good , bad , clever , terrified , surprised ;

4. 与of 有关的:afraid , sure , full , tired , fond , proud , worthy , certain ;

5. 与with 有关的:angry , strict , careful , busy , poplar ;

6. 与to 有关的:next, good , polite , kind , cruel , rude , known , anxious , married , close , near , similar, due ;

7. 与for 有关的:sorry , good , free , fit , unfit , eager, anxious , hungry ;

8. 与from 有关的:far , different , free, safe , absent , tired .

 

【各个击破】

1.---What do you want _______ those old boxes ?

--- To put things in when I move to the new flat .

A. by              B. for               C. of                    D. with

2.Luckily , the bullet narrowly missed the captain ________ an inch .

A. by              B. at                    C. to              D. from

3.The train leaves at 6:00pm, so I have to be at the station _______ 5:30 pm.

A. until            B. after                  C. by               D. around

4.The little boy was quite alone in the world ________ an aunt in the United States .

A. except for     B. except                 C. besides                D. except that

5.________ his great surprise , his shop was robbed ________ computers .

A. To ; of                 B. For ; of               C. From ; with  D. To ; with

6.We offered him our congratulations _________ his passing the driving test .

A. at                   B. for         C. of            D. on

7. Einstein’s special theory of relativity is quite _______ me .

A. for                  B. beyond       C. to              D. against

8. How much did you pay ________ the tickets ________ tonight’s New Year Concert ?

A. for; for                B. for ; to                C. for ; of               D. to ; for

9. He has been caught ________ the rain and is wet ________ skin .

A. by ; to                B. in ; to                 C. in ; through         D. with ; in

10. ---How long have you been like this ?

 ---_______ last Friday .

A. From            B. Since            C. In                        D. After

11. Besides being able to walk on for three days without drinking , camels can also live for a long time ________ small quantities of food .

A. with              B. on              C. by               D. without 

12. I’m sorry it’s ________ my power to make a final decision on the project .

A. over             B. above           C. off              D. beyond

13. ---Did you lose the match ?

---Yes , we lost the match _______ one goal .

A. by              B. at                   C. with                 D. only

14. The study you have been making ________ the living things in the ocean is an instructive job .

A. to              B. for                   C. of           D. from

15. I felt it rather difficult to take a stand ________ the opinion of the majority .

A. to                  B. by                       C. in                        D. against

16. ---Your daughter is tall enough ________ her age.

 ---Yes. I was much ________ when I was her age.

A. for ; taller     B. at ; taller      C. at ; shorter          D. for ; shorter

17.---When will the game begin ?

 ---It will begin later than usual _______ ten minutes .

A. in                        B. on               C. by               D. at

18.---Is your grandma still with you ?

--- No . She still prefers to live in the countryside _________ all its disadvantages .

A. for                 B. except                 C. with             D. to

19. Let’s keep in touch . You can reach me ________ this number .

A. at                   B. on               C. from             D. in

20.---Miss Li , Jack is ill , so he can’t come to school .

---Then we’ll begin our class _________ him .

A. except for       B. apart from   C. except           D. without

21.---It’s so noisy upstairs .Peter , better go and see what they have been up ________.

---OK .

A. to                    B. in                       C. with             D. for

22.---What’s your favorite sport?

---Jogging . I run _________ the river every morning .

A. around             B. on                       C. along            D. in

23. _________ running , learning English needs will .

A. As with           B. As to            C. As for                 D. As if

24. ________ left before the deadline , it doesn’t seem likely that he will finish the job .

A. Though such a short time           B. Because such a short time

C. With such a short time              D. As such a short time

25.He reminded me _______ the time _______ the meeting .

A. at ; at             B . of; of                 C. in ; in           D. at ; in

26.The sun will rise ________ about a quarter of an hour .

A. on                   B. in                        C. after                     D. at

27.Liu Xiang’s parents were overjoyed and burst ______ tears _______ the news of their son’s victory in the Olympic Games .

A. into ; at           B. out ; for              C. forth ; on             D. to ; after

28.Hellen used to be a shy girl , but she has grown _______ it now.

A. without            B. over             C. away            D. out of

29.This is the Audi car __________ she came here .

A. by which               B. by that               C. in which       D. with which

30. My house is ________ a stone’s throw from school , so I often go to school _______ foot .

A. within ; on              B. to ; by                 C. on ; on                D. of ; with 

31. We went on a picnic ________ the heavy rain .

A. although                B. in spite of   C. because of          D. for

32. ---Can I borrow some money from you ?

   --- You’re already in debt _________ me for sixty dollars .

A. to                   B. for                       C. from             D. by

33.His best -known work that is ________ all praise can be seen in the museum .

A. without           B. beyond                C. with             D. within

34.He likes his coffee with sugar ; I like mine ________.

A. not                  B. of no            C. none             D. without

35. Without a thorough grasp ________biology , a student cannot hope to study medicine .

A. in                    B. for                       C. of                D. with

36.We decided to climb the mountain , but _______ second thought realized that it was too dangerous .

A. after                       B. on                       C. in                        D. at

37._________ success I don’t mean what is usually thought of when that word is used .

A. In                    B. By                       C. With             D. For

38.Mr. Smith apologized _________ the children ________ the lady ________ what they had done .

A. for ; to ; to             B. for ; to ; for         C. to ; to ; for          D. to ; for ; for

39.We live _______ a small river that flows ________ the Thames .

A. in ; into           B. on ; into               C. at ; onto               D. in; onto

40.________ curiosity , I went to the customer service counter and asked why .

A. Beyond           B. Besides                C. Apart from    D. Out of 

41. Mr. Johnson goes to work very early in the morning and goes on working until late in the afternoon _________ a break at midday .

A. with                 B. for                 C. as                        D. through

42.The manned spacecraft “Shenzhou V”,________ China greets the 21st century , marks new progress in the century’s space program.

A. for which                B. from which  C. in which               D. with which

43. He might have been killed ________ the arrival of the police .

A. except for               B. apart from     C. but for          D. in spite of

44. Isn’t _________ rude ______ him to talk to his mother like that ?

A. that ; for          B. that ; of               C. it ; for           D. it ; of

45.Theory is based on practice and ______ turn serves practice .

A. on                    B. in                  C. by                 D. at

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主谓一致:BDCCB  BBACA   CDBAA   CCCBB

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